Palo Alto Battlefield National Historical Park protects the sites of the first and second battles of the U.S. War with Mexico: Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma. The park focuses on the battles and the war, but also provides information about how the War with Mexico helped provoke the American Civil War. Soldiers who fought at Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma included a large number of future Civil War leaders, including U.S. Grant, James Longstreet, George Meade, John Pemberton and numerous others.
Brownsville, Texas | With the southern Atlantic coast blockaded, Brownsville became an important Confederate port, with cotton and war material flowing back and forth, and to eliminate the trade, a Union army landed near the mouth of the Rio Grande in November 1863.
Brownsville, Texas | The site represented the last known land engagement fought as part of the Civil War and the ongoing conflict between the Confederacy's Trans-Mississippi Department and the Union army
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