Trevilian Station Battle

Trevilian Station

Trevilians

You are here

SHARE THIS

 

In June of 1864, hoping to draw attention away from Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s movement south, destroy supply lines, and join up with Brig. Gen. David Hunter in Charlottesville, Union cavalry commander Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan embarked on a cavalry raid. Near Trevilian Station, Virginia, he clashed with Confederate cavalry under Maj. Gens. Wade Hampton and Fitzhugh Lee. On June 11th, while Hampton’s men struggled against Union forces on one road, Lee’s men advancing on a parallel road fell back, allowing Brig. Gen. George Custer to drive a wedge between the Confederate divisions and take Hampton’s supply train. Confederate reinforcements soon surrounded Custer’s men, and only Sheridan’s arrival saved them and allowed the Union to capture Trevilian Station. The next morning, after destroying several miles of railroad, the combined Union cavalry force made several assaults against a fortified line that the Confederates had formed overnight, but every attack was repulsed. Ultimately, Sheridan was forced to withdraw. He had succeeded in drawing attention away from Grant, but failed to substantially interrupt supply lines or join up with Hunter to take Lynchburg, actions which could have hastened the end of the war. The battle at Trevilian Station was the largest all-cavalry battle of the Civil War.

Battle Facts

Result

Confederate Victory
COMMANDERS
Forces Engaged
15,916

Union

9,216

Confederate

6,700
Total Estimated Casualties
1,950

Union

950

Confederate

1,000