The Paoli Battlefield Historical Park and Paoli Memorial Grounds are located in Malvern, Pennsylvania, about an hour northwest of Philadelphia. The park commemorates the Battle of Paoli, also known as the Paoli Massacre, of September 20, 1777, during which 53 Patriot soldiers, under the command of “Mad” Anthony Wayne, were killed in a surprise attack by British troops. The Paoli Battlefield Preservation Fund works to administer and interpret this important site for visitors, maintaining a variety of hiking trails and historical markers on the more than 40 acres of pristinely preserved farm land. Visitors to Paoli Battlefield Historical Park and Memorial Grounds can take self-guided tours on which they can see a granite monument commemorating the lives of the 53 Americans who died at Paoli, the gravesites of the battle’s casualties, and an adjacent parade ground where Americans trained for the War of 1812, the Mexican American war, and the Civil War. The battlefield is on the National Register of Historic Places.