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Shiloh

Pittsburg Landing

April 6 - 7, 1862

Hardin County, Tennessee

On the morning of April 6, 1862, 40,000 Confederate soldiers under the command of Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston poured out of the nearby woods and struck a line of Union soldiers occupying ground near Pittsburg Landing on the Tennessee River. The overpowering Confederate offensive drove the unprepared Federal forces from their camps and threatened to overwhelm Ulysses S. Grant’s entire command. Some Federals made determined stands and by afternoon, they had established a battle line at the sunken road, known as the “Hornet's Nest.” Repeated Rebel attacks failed to carry the Hornet's Nest, but massed artillery helped to turn the tide as Confederates surrounded the Union troops and captured, killed, or wounded most. During the first day’s attacks, Gen. Johnston was mortally wounded and was replaced by P.G.T. Beauregard. Fighting continued until after dark, but the Federals held. By the next morning, the reinforced Federal army numbered about 40,000, outnumbering Beauregard’s army of less than 30,000. Grant’s April 7th counteroffensive overpowered the weakened Confederate forces and Beauregard’s army retired from the field. The two day battle at Shiloh produced more than 23,000 casualties and was the bloodiest battle in American history at its time.
Learn More About This Battle
Battle of Shiloh

Shiloh: Shattering Myths

Historian Timothy Smith dispels many of the popular myths about the 1862 Battle of Shiloh in this article on one of the most important battles of the American Civil War.

Albert Sidney Johnston

Battle of Shiloh: Surprise in Tennessee

Read Wiley Sword's gripping account of the Confederate's surprise attack at Shiloh and Ulysses S. Grant's resolve to counterattack on the second day of the battle.

1158
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Photos

From the Sunken Lane to the Bloody Pond, view our collection of Shiloh Battlefield photos.

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Videos

Shiloh NPS historian Stacy Allen describes the fateful struggle between James Chalmers' Confederates and the Ohioans and Illinoisans of Col. David Stuart's command

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Quiz

See how much you know about this important Civil War battle fought on April 6-7, 1862.

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Recommended Reading

Shiloh and the Western Campain of 1862

"Shiloh and the Western Campaign of 1862"
by By Edward Cunningham, Gary Joiner, Timothy B. Smith editor

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Shiloh: The Battle That Changed the Civil War

"Shiloh: The Battle That Changed the Civil War"
by Larry J. Daniel

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