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Kennesaw Mountain

June 27, 1864

Cobb County, Georgia

Fearing envelopment, Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston withdrew his army to a new defensive position astride Kennesaw Mountain, to the north and west of Marietta. Johnston selected this position in order to protect his supply link to Atlanta, the Western & Atlantic Railroad. Prior to taking up this new line on June 19, Johnston had pioneers working through the night digging trenches and erecting fortifications, turning Kennesaw into a formidable earthen fortress. Having defeated Gen. John B. Hood troops at Kolb’s Farm on the 22nd, Union commander William T. Sherman was convinced that Johnston had stretched his line too thin and, therefore, decided on a frontal attack on the Confederate bastion. After an intense artillery bombardment, Sherman sent his troops forward at 9AM on June 27. Determined Yankee assault troops came to within yards of the Confederate trenches, but were unable to break the Southern line and by 11:30 the attack had failed. Sherman, who later dubbed the battle as "the hardest fight of the campaign up to that date," lost roughly 3,000 men in the contest, including generals Charles Harker and Daniel McCook.
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Cheatham Hill

Carnage at Cheatham Hill

South of Pigeon Hill at Kennesaw Mountain, Union and Confederate troops clashed early in the morning. The eventual Union defeat led to over 650 Federal casualties.

A Perfect Pandemonium

A Perfect Pandemonium

Historian John Fowler recounts the epic struggle for control of Kennesaw Mountain, a ruthless battle during the Atlanta Campaign of 1864.

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Atlanta Campaign

The Atlanta Campaign: A Strategic Overview

Historian Stephen Davis provides an overview of the struggle for Northwest Georgia in the Summer of 1864.

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Acres Saved

This battlefield was identified in our annual report History Under Siege™ in 2005 »


See our collection of photos from Kennesaw Mountain, one of the battles during Gen. William T. Sherman's Atlanta Campaign of 1864.

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Fighting at the Dead Angle at Kennesaw Mountain

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