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July 1 - 3, 1863

Adams County, Pennsylvania

Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee concentrated his army around Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, upon the approach of Union Gen. George G. Meade’s forces. On July 1, Confederates drove Union defenders through Gettysburg to Cemetery Hill. The next day Lee struck the flanks of the Union line resulting in severe fighting at Devil's Den, Little Round Top, the Wheatfield, Peach Orchard, Culp’s Hill and East Cemetery Hill. Southerners gained ground but failed to dislodge the Union host. On the morning of July 3rd, fighting raged at Culp’s Hill with the Union regaining its lost ground. That afternoon, after a massive artillery bombardment, Lee attacked the Union center on Cemetery Ridge and was repulsed with heavy losses in what is known as Pickett’s Charge. Lee's second invasion of the North had failed.
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Gettysburg Address

Gettysburg Address

Experience what Lincoln did, saw, and touched while he was in Gettysburg 150 years ago.

Forgotten Flanks Horizontal

Forgotten Flanks of Gettysburg

Director of History and Education Garry Adelman discusses the ever-changing flanks of the Union and Confederate armies at Gettysburg

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Video: Forgotten Flanks of Gettysburg »

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This battlefield was identified in our annual report History Under Siege™ in 2001 »  , 2002 »  , 2007 »  , 2009 »  , 2006 »  , and 2010 »


From McPherson's Ridge to Devil's Den and Little Round Top, see our collection of Gettysburg photos.

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The Gettysburg Address: Ken Burns, David McCullough, Sam Waterston, Matthew Broderick, Stephen Lang, and Paul W. Bucha recite one of the most famous speeches in American history. Watch the Video »

Recommended Reading

by Stephen W. Sears

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The Gettysburg Campaign

"The Gettysburg Campaign: A Study in Command"
by Edwin Coddington

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