• Gaines Mill Snakerail

  • Gaines' Mill Farm

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Gaines' Mill

June 27, 1862

Hanover County, Virginia

In the early hours of June 27, 1862, the third of the Seven Days' battles, Fitz John Porter’s Union corps abandoned its position at Beaver Dam Creek and established a new defensive line behind Boatswain’s Swamp, just north of the Chickahominy River. Anxious to renew his assaults from the day before, Confederate General Robert E. Lee, sent the bulk of his force forward with the intention of driving them across the river. The Federals beat back successive waves of disjointed attacks, inflicting some of the heaviest casualties the war had yet seen. By dusk, however, Lee’s Confederates were more organized. With daylight fading, the reinforced Southerners assaulted Porter’s anemic defensive line and sent the Northerners fleeing toward the river. Only darkness prevented Porter’s corps from complete disaster. During the night, the Federals limped across the Chickahominy and burned the bridges behind them.
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Gaines Mill Then & Now

The Battle of Gaines' Mill: Then & Now

Bobby Krick, one of the pre-eminent historians on the Battle of Gaines' Mill and the Seven Days Campaign discusses this important Civil War battle and the state of the battlefield today.

gaines' mill ten facts

10 Facts about Gaines' Mill

The largest of the Seven Days' Battles played a significant role in shaping the course of the American Civil War and yet it remains a mystery to many.

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Explore the key sites of this bloody engagement of the Seven Days' battles before Richmond.

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Bobby Krick describes the Battle of Gaines' Mill and the land the Trust helped save in 2011

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Recommended Reading

"To the Gates of Richmond"
by Stephen W. Sears

A riveting account of the Peninsula Campaign from the Siege of Yorktown to the Seven Days

Buy »

"The Richmond Campaign of 1862"
by Gary W. Gallagher

A collection of essays about the Peninsula Campaign and the Seven Days' battles featuring work by some of the Civil War's top historians

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