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Champion Hill

Champion's Hill, Bakers Creek

May 16, 1863

Hinds County, Mississippi

The May 16, 1863 Battle of Champion Hill was the largest, bloodiest, and most significant action of Grant’s Vicksburg Campaign. 32,000 advancing Union soldiers met 23,000 Confederates in a fierce struggle for a vital crossroads roughly halfway between Vicksburg and Jackson, Mississippi. The field was dominated by bald Champion Hill, from which Confederate artillery opened fire on the Union army at 9:45 A.M. The first Federal assault on the hill drove the Southerners back with bayonets and clubbed muskets. As the Union soldiers tried to reform and consolidate their gains, they were swept away by a counterattack led by John Bowen’s Missourians and Arkansans. Ulysses S. Grant ordered more men towards the hill and Bowen’s Confederates were themselves driven off, compelling a general retreat. Southern Brig. Gen. Lloyd Tilghman was killed while directing a desperate rearguard action that enabled most of the Confederate army to escape towards Vicksburg. The decisive Union victory at Champion Hill was instrumental in forcing the Confederates out of the open field and into a doomed position inside the walls of Vicksburg.
Learn More About This Battle
Champion Hill

The Battle of Champion's Hill

Historian Jon Stephenson discusses the Battle of Champion Hill and its importance in the Vicksburg Campaign

Winchel Vicksburg article promo

Unvexing the Father of Waters

Historian Terrence J. Winschel discusses Ulysses S. Grant's campaign to capture Vicksburg and open the Mississippi River.

406
Acres Saved

This battlefield was identified in our annual report History Under Siege™ in 2003 »

Photos

Check out our photos from the field of the most decisive battle of the Vicksburg Campaign

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Videos

Historian Terry Winschel describes the Battle of Champion Hill, the decisive battle of Grant's 1863 Vicksburg campaign. Watch the Video »

Recommended Reading

Champion hill

"Champion Hill: Decisive Battle for Vicksburg"
by Timothy B. Smith

Timothy Smith has written the definitive account of this long overlooked battle.

Buy »

"Triumph and Defeat: The Vicksburg Campaign"
by Terrence Winschel

Terry Winschel weaves a lifetime of professional experience into this remarkable study.

Buy »

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