During the Civil War, the large naval shipyards around Mound City provided the 80-vessel Union Mississippi Squadron with warships, including the USS Cairo, USS Cincinnati, and USS Mound City. The hotel and foundry in Mound City were converted to a large Civil War hospital complex that served both Union and Confederate casualties at Shiloh and Vicksburg. In 1864, the federal government designated a plot of land near the general hospital to serve as a national cemetery. Today approximately 2,300 known and 2,400 unknown Civil War soldiers are buried in the cemetery.
Cairo, Illinois | The library contains an extensive collection of primary and secondary research documents relating to the city's role in the Union army's control of the Western theater in the Civil War.
Springfield, Illinois | The 117-foot-tall tomb is constructed of granite and is the final resting place of President Abraham Lincoln, his wife, Mary,and three of their four children: Edward, William, and Thomas.
Chicago, Illinois | A portion of the administration building is devoted to a Civil War museum that features exhibits on the war, emphasizing the roles of those who are buried in the cemetery and the city of Chicago's part in the conflict.
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