Union forces constructed the star-shaped, earthen Fort Smith after Gen. Ulysses S. Grant seized Paducah in 1861. The fort was part of a larger complex designed to protect the mouth of the Cumberland River at the Ohio River. From this location, soldiers were sent down the Cumberland River to participate in the expedition against Forts Henry and Donelson, near the Tennessee-Kentucky border. As many as two thousand Union troops were stationed in Smithland during the Civil War. By 1864, the fort was manned by a contingent of the Thirteenth U.S. Colored Heavy Artillery. Several of these men are buried in the cemetery adjacent to the fort.
Prestonburg, Kentucky | The story of this historic site begins January 10, 1862, when an unknown colonel, James A. Garfield (who would later be President of the United States), was pitted against the experience of Brig. Gen. Humphrey Marshall.
West Point, Kentucky | This fort was constructed under the orders of Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman in 1861, demonstrating the importance Union command placed on Kentucky from the early days of the conflict.
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