Two Civil War battles were fought at Cabin Creek--both were Confederate raids on Union supply wagon trains moving from Fort Scott toward Fort Gibson. On July 1-2, 1863, Stand Watie and the Confederates failed to stop the wagon train as it crossed Cabin Creek about 10 miles south of what is today Vinita. It was one of the first battles in which African-Americans fought as a unit west of the Mississippi River. On September 19, 1864, Watie and the Confederates won the Second Battle of Cabin Creek, capturing 740 mules, 130 wagons, and more than $1.5 million in supplies, for which they received commendations from President Jefferson Davis and the Confederate Congress. Monuments to the leaders and soldiers of both sides were erected by the United Daughters of the Confederacy and are maintained by the Oklahoma Historical Society and the Friends of Cabin Creek at the battle site.
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma | As a division of the Oklahoma Historical Society, this history center tells the comprehensive story of Oklahoma from the beginning, commemorating the Civil War and its impact on Oklahoma and the Union.