Tall Woodgrain Header

Boston Campaign

You are here

SHARE THIS
 

Within weeks Boston is surrounded by an army of New England militia.

As news of the first victory spreads, other Americans take action.

In May, a group of men who call themselves the Green Mountain Boys seize Fort Ticonderoga in upstate New York.

In June, the British attack an American position near Boston, a rise known to the locals as Bunker Hill. As the Red Coat battle lines approach an American commander tells his men not to fire until you see the whites of their eyes. The British are slaughtered. Although the British capture the hill, American morale rises as British morale plummets. Despite these early successes, American leaders know that they will need more than enthusiastic militia to win the conflict.

The Continental Congress, in session in Philadelphia, creates the Continental Army, and appoints George Washington, a member of the VA delegation, to lead it. Washington rushes to join the army at Cambridge, MA telling congress that he will need heavy artillery to drive the British out of Boston. In January he orders Thomas Paine’s pamphlet, Common Sense, which advocates independence to GB to be read to soldiers in order to strengthen their resolve for the cause.

Washington is aided by 25-year-old Henry Knox, who spends the winter removing cannons from Fort Ticonderoga and bringing them to Boston. Despite having to sled across frozen rivers and scale snowy mountains Know doesn’t lose a single gun.

By March of 1776, the American artillery is in place. Unwilling to suffer a bombardment or risk another attack, the British evacuate the city. Washington watches as the fleet sails away – he knows the enemy will soon return in even greater numbers. The question is where!

Battlefields Today
Many battlefields are already preserved and restored to their 18th and 19th Century state. Many are also open to visitors by national, state and local battlefield park organizations. For information on how to visit the site of one of America's early battles, visit our Battlefields Section.
Siege of Boston
Rev War
Battle
Following the skirmishes at Lexington and Concord in April, 1775 that began the American Revolution...
Lexington
Rev War
Battle
Facing the threat of rebellion, British General Thomas Gage hoped to prevent violence by ordering...
Bunker Hill
Rev War
Battle
After the Battles at Lexington and Concord in April 1775, the victorious Continental militiamen...