Civil War Trust’s map of the Battle of Trevilian Station
Hoping to disrupt supply lines, draw attention away from General Grant's movements, and link up with additional forces near Charlottesville, Union Major General Philip Sheridan launched a large-scale cavalry raid in June of 1864. Near Trevilian Station, Virginia, his command clashed with Confederate cavalry under Generals Wade Hampton and Fitzhugh Lee. General George Custer’s brigade of Union cavalry was almost lost in an attempt to capture Confederate supplies. By the time night fell on June 11th, Union troops held Trevilian Station, but this success would not last long. Sheridan’s troops spent the morning of June 12th tearing up railroad tracks before advancing on the Confederate army. However, Hampton’s cavalry had spent the night establishing a strong position, with an angled line anchored on the railroad embankment. Repeated Union assaults throughout the day failed to break this line. Ultimately, Sheridan was forced to withdraw his army on the night of the 12th, having failed to achieve his goals of permanently disrupting supply lines and joining General David Hunter's forces near Charlottesville.