In late August 1864, after nearly four months of maneuver and battle, the city of Atlanta was not yet subdued by Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's armies. Some supply lines remained open to the city supporting the army of Lieut. Gen. John Bell Hood encircled there. Union cavalry raids up to that point had only inflicted superficial damage, quickly repaired by the Confederates. Sherman determined that if he could cut the Macon & Western and Atlanta & West Point Railroads with a larger force the Rebels would be forced to evacuate the city. On August 25th, the Union infantry began moving towards the Macon & Western Railroad south of Atlanta near Jonesborough. To counter the move, Hood sent Lieut. Gen. William J. Hardee with two corps to halt and possibly rout the Union troops, not realizing Sherman’s army was there in force. On August 31st, Hardee attacked west of Jonesborough but was easily repulsed. Fearing a direct attack on Atlanta, Hood withdrew one corps from Hardee’s force that night. The next day, a Union corps broke through Hardee’ s troops which retreated to Lovejoy’s Station, and on the night of September 1st, Hood finally evacuated Atlanta. Sherman had won the strategically important Confederate city, but failed to destroy Hardee’s command.