After allowing Maj. Gen. John Schofield’s Army of the Ohio to pass him near Spring Hill the previous morning, Lieut. Gen. John Bell Hood led his 30,000-man Army of Tennessee to the outskirts of Franklin on November 30th as he continued to press north into central Tennessee. Schofield's army had constructed a strong defensive line south of the town, resting its left flank on the Harpeth River and its right near Carter's Creek. Hood took a position in columns by brigades two miles south of the Yankees, with open, rolling farm land between them, and prepared to attack. At 4:00pm, over 20,000 Confederates moved forward east and west of the Columbia Pike. Hood's men formed from column into line as they approached the outer Union defenses. The outer Federal defenders soon collapsed and fell back into their second line closer to Franklin. Some of the heaviest fighting of the war ensued as Hood's men plowed into the new Union line. Near 5:00pm, the second Union line fell apart near the Carter House, and was saved in part by the timely arrival of a brigade led by Col. Emerson Opdycke. Confederate Gen. Stephen D. Lee's corps reenforced Hood's left, but the Union position held and Hood’s forces were driven back with heavy losses. The bloody assault cost Hood nearly 7,000 casualties, including six dead Confederate generals. Schofield withdrew to Nashville where he and Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas's army would engage Hood one last time.