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The Stonewall of the West

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The Battles of Patrick R. Cleburne

Born in Ireland and a veteran of the British Royal Army, Patrick Ronayne Cleburne immigrated to the United States in 1849, eventually settling in Helena, Arkansas.  When impending war threatened his adopted home in 1861, he wasted no time in rushing to its defense, and by 1862 the Irishman had risen from private to brigadier general. 

From the battles of Shiloh to Franklin, Cleburne distinguished himself as both a brigade and division commander, and was wounded at both the battles of Richmond and Perryville.  His division became one of the crack units in the Army of Tennessee, and its leader eventually came to be known as “the Stonewall of the West.”

Like his Eastern theater counterpart, Cleburne would ultimately fall in the fight for Southern independence.  Upon hearing of Cleburne's death at Franklin Gen. William J. Hardee offered this tribute to his erstwhile subordinate:  "Where this division defended, no odds broke its line; where it attacked, no numbers resisted its onslaught, save only once; and there is the grave of Cleburne."

 

Pat Cleburne's Battles

DATES BATTLE  SAVED BY CIVIL
WAR TRUST
April 6-7, 1862 Shiloh 375 Acres Saved
August 29-30, 1862 Richmond 363 Acres Saved
October 8, 1862 Perryville 385 Acres Saved
Dec. 31, 1862 - Jan. 2, 1863 Stones River 24 Acres Saved
September 18-20, 1863 Chickamauga 141 Acres Saved
November, 23-25, 1863 Chattanooga 36 Acres Saved
November 27, 1863 Ringgold Gap  
May 13-15, 1864 Resaca 565 Acres Saved
May 27, 1864 Pickett's Mill  
June 27, 1864 Kennesaw Mountain 4 Acres Saved
November 29, 1864 Spring Hill 110 Acres Saved
November 30, 1864 Franklin 168 Acres Saved