Champion Hill, Brice's Cross Roads, and Port Gibson
Among the first states to secede, Mississippi was home to Confederate President Jefferson Davis as well as a number of prominent generals. It provided more than 80,000 troops to the Confederate cause, plus nearly 18,000 formerly enslaved Mississippians who enlisted in the United States Colored Troops. The Mississippi River and major railroads—both vital for the transportation of men and supplies—ensured the Magnolia State played a key role for Union and Confederate forces alike. Consequently, 16 of the Civil War’s major battles—including battles in the all-important Vicksburg Campaign—were fought on Mississippi soil. The importance of Mississippi cannot be overstated.
Today the Civil War Trust is working to preserve 434 acres of hallowed ground at three battlefields in Mississippi: Champion Hill, Port Gibson and Brice’s Cross Roads. Ulysses S. Grant's Vicksburg Campaign raged through the thickets of Port Gibson and Champion Hill in 1863. Less than a year later, Nathan Bedford Forrest's masterful fight at Brice's Cross Roads nearly destroyed the Union army—if not for the bravery of two regiments of United States Colored Troops. This is hallowed ground, indeed.
Preserving this land would add to more than 2,400 acres we have already saved at these three sites. By helping us, you are ensuring future generations of Americans will be able to walk in the footsteps of their ancestors and see the places where the issues of the American Civil War were decided.