Federal Fund Sources
The LWCF Civil War battlefield preservation program comprises matching grants to state and local governments that Congress must appropriate annually. The grants are awarded through a competitive process, with a match of at least 50 percent. The LWCF authorizes money for both fee simple purchases and easement acquisition, but non-profits cannot receive funding directly. The program is administered by the American Battlefield Protection Program (ABPP), an arm of the National Park Service in the Interior Department. $900 million a year flow into the Land and Water Conservation Fund from Federal receipts from leasing the Outer Continental Shelf for oil and gas development. The Civil War Trust helped to secure the $4 million recently appropriated by Congress for Fiscal Year 2009.
Learn More: http://www.nps.gov/abpp/LWCFAcquisitionGrants.htm
The TE Program comprises matching grants to state and local governments from automatically available funding. The program requires a 20 percent non-Federal match, for both fee simple purchases and conservation easement acquisitions. Like the LWCF program, non-profits cannot get funding directly. Rather, they must be passed through a governmental sponsored program. TE was first authorized in 1991, under the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act, and then again in 1998, as part of “The Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century” or “TEA-21”). The TE program was reauthorized again in 2005 under the “Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users” or “SAFETEA LU.”
Learn More: http://www.enhancements.org/
The FRPP comprises matching grants from automatically available funding. The FRPP requires at least a 50 percent non-Federal match to fund permanent conservation easements. Unlike the LCWF and TE programs, non-profits can receive funding directly, as well as state and local governments. This Federal program was authorized in 1996 to provide Federal financial assistance in the form of matching grants to keep working farms in existence.
Learn More: http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/frpp/