2010 History Under Siege Quiz

Most Endangered Civil War Battlefields

See if you can answer these quiz questions regarding our 2010 Most Endangered Battlefields

1. This 2010 Most Endangered Civil War battlefield remains as the only location where a sitting US President came under hostile fire during a battle:

 Pickett's Mill
 Cedar Creek
 Fort Stevens

Oliver Otis Howard
Oliver O. Howard (Library of Congress)

2. At the Battle of Pickett's Mill (May 27, 1864), Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman ordered Maj. Gen. Oliver O. Howard to attack the Confederate right flank.  Prior to his transfer to Sherman's command, Howard was a corps commander at which Eastern Theater debacle:

 The pell mell Union retreat from Henry House Hill during the Battle of Bull Run
 The disastrous Union assault at Cold Harbor
 The Union defeat at the Coaling at Port Republic
 The rout of the Union II Corps at Ream's Station
 The rout of the XI Corps at Chancellorsville

3. The Confederate army's scrappy defense of the mountain passes during The Battle of South Mountain (September 14, 1862) allowed them just enough time to reunite their army in time for this significant Civil War battle:

 Appomattox Court House
 Second Manassas

4. Which of the following is an incorrect statement with regards to the Battle of the Wilderness (May 5-6, 1864):

 This was the opening battle of US Grant's 1864 Overland Campaign
 A heavy concentration of Union artillery helped to drive back a Confederate attack at the Widow Tapp field
 Many wounded soldiers perished on the battlefield as fire swept through portions of the Wilderness battlefield
 Robert E. Lee attempted to lead the Texas Brigade during their attack on the Union left
 Lt. Gen. James Longstreet was severely wounded in a friendly fire incident

5. This great Civil War battle was the final significant battle fought in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia.  Southern forces surprised and routed a portion of the Union army which in turn rallied and delivered a stunning counterattack against their bold attackers:

 Cedar Creek
 Third Winchester
 Port Republic
 Fisher's Hill

6. The Confederate victory at the Battle of Thoroughfare Gap (Aug. 28, 1862) was strategically significant for this reason:

Thoroughfare Gap
Thoroughfare Gap, Virginia (Robert Shenk)

 Lee's army could use Thoroughfare Gap as a safe retreat route from Maryland
 The Manassas Gap railway, a crucial supply source for southern forces at Spotsylvania Courthouse, would remain open
 The victory allowed James Longstreet's Corps to arrive just in time to save Stonewall Jackson's isolated corps and defeat the Union army at Second Manassas
 By holding the Union forces back from the pass, Lee's movement into Maryland was largely unseen by prying Union eyes

7. Which of the following is an incorrect statement with regards to the Battle of Richmond (Aug 29-30, 1862):

 This was the second largest battle fought in Kentucky
 Temperatures during the battle hovered between 96 and 100 degrees
 This was one of the most decisive Confederate victories of the entire Civil War
 Maj. Gen. Patrick Cleburne, leading a desperate charge against the Union forces at Mt. Zion church was mortally wounded

8. Despite being fought in the Arizona Territory, The Battle of Picacho Pass (April 15, 1862) featured many Californian elements. Which of these was not one of those elements associated with the battle: 

 The Union forces in the battle were part of the 1st California Cavalry
 The Confederate column's ultimate aim was to inflame southern sympathies in Southern California and thus gain access to Pacific ports
 Several of the Union soldiers killed in the battle were later reburied in the Presidio in San Francisco
 The battle was fought near a horse “remount” station that served an overland stagecoach route that connected San Francisco and Los Angeles with St. Louis
 The Confederate victory at Picacho Pass served to scare off a significant number of California's gold miners in the Sierra Nevada range

9.  Despite the inconclusive results, this future Confederate general received his nom de guerre (nickname) from the Battle of Camp Allegheny (Dec. 13, 1861):

 Edward Johnson
 Henry Heth
 Thomas Jackson
 Jubal Early
 John Bell Hood

10.  Over the past 10 years, CWPT, in conjunction with local preservation groups, has been active in working to save and protect battlefield land at Gettysburg.  Which of the following is not one of CWPT's preservation victories at Gettysburg:

 45 acres at East Cavalry Field in 2003
 Stopping efforts in 2005 to build a casino next to the battlefield
 Preservation of the 145-acre Daniel Lady Farm in 2005
 Preservation of the 2-acre historic Snyder Farm on the Second Day battlefield in 2009
 Supporting efforts to have the Gettysburg “National Tower” torn down
 Burying of power lines on the Gettysburg battlefield



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