2010 History Under Siege Quiz

Answers for our 2010 Most Endangered Quiz

See how your responses match with our answers.

The Lincoln Marker at Fort Stevens
The Lincoln Marker at Fort Stevens (Robert Shenk)

1. This 2010 Most Endangered Civil War battlefield remains as the only location where a sitting US President came under hostile fire during a battle:

 Pickett’s Mill
 Cedar Creek
 Fort Stevens

During the second day of the Battle of Fort Stevens a curious President Abraham Lincoln climbed up onto a parapet at Fort Stevens and was subsequently taken under fire by Confederate sharpshooters.  Only after several direct exhortations did the President step back down into the fort.

Learn More: Battle of Fort Stevens

2. At the Battle of Pickett’s Mill (May 27, 1864), Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman ordered Maj. Gen. Oliver O. Howard to attack the Confederate right flank.  Prior to his transfer to Sherman’s command, Howard was a corps commander at which Eastern Theater debacle:

 The pell mell Union retreat from Henry House Hill during the Battle of Bull Run
 The disastrous Union assault at Cold Harbor
 The Union defeat at the Coaling at Port Republic
 The rout of the Union II Corps at Ream’s Station
 The rout of the XI Corps at Chancellorsville

Maj. Gen. Oliver O. Howard was the commander of the ill-fated XI Corps at the Battle of Chancellorsville.  On May 2, 1863, Howard’s corps was struck in the flank by Stonewall Jackson’s forces and driven back with heavy losses.  Many consider this crumbling of the Union right flank to be the decisive factor in the Confederate victory at Chancellorsville.  Recently CWPT completed its purchase of the 85-acre Wagner Farm tract where Howard desperately tried to rally his crumbling command.

Learn More:  Battle of Pickett's MillBattle of Chancellorsville

3. The Confederate army’s scrappy defense of the mountain passes during The Battle of South Mountain (September 14, 1862) allowed them just enough time to reunite their army in time for this significant Civil War battle:

 Appomattox Court House
 Second Manassas

The outnumbered Confederate forces atop the South Mountain passes desperately hung onto their positions knowing that slowing the Army of the Potomac here would allow Robert E. Lee to retrieve Stonewall Jackson’s Corps which was at Harpers Ferry.   The delay brought on by the actions on South Mountain allowed Lee to have his full command at the Battle of Antietam on September 17, 1862.

Learn More:  Battle of South MountainBattle of Antietam

4. Which of the following is an incorrect statement with regards to the Battle of the Wilderness (May 5-6, 1864):

 This was the opening battle of US Grant’s 1864 Overland Campaign
 A heavy concentration of Union artillery helped to drive back a Confederate attack at the Widow Tapp field
 Many wounded soldiers perished on the battlefield as fire swept through portions of the Wilderness battlefield
 Robert E. Lee attempted to lead the Texas Brigade during their attack on the Union left
 Lt. Gen. James Longstreet was severely wounded in a friendly fire incident

The dense second-growth forest that covered much of the Wilderness Battlefield prevented the Union Army from fully employing its superior artillery units in this battle.  

Learn More: Battle of the Wilderness

Phil Sheridan
Maj. Gen. Phil Sheridan (Library of Congress)

5. This great Civil War battle was the final significant battle fought in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia.  Southern forces surprised and routed a portion of the Union army which in turn rallied and delivered a stunning counterattack against their bold attackers:

 Cedar Creek
 Third Winchester
 Port Republic
 Fisher’s Hill

Jubal Early’s Confederate forces struck the unsuspecting Union forces at Cedar Creek early in the morning on October 19, 1864.  Unfortunately for the Confederates, the momentum of the morning’s victories was lost and the Union army, rallied by the late arriving Phil Sheridan, unleashed a powerful counterattack that decimated Early’s army.  Sheridan’s triumph at Cedar Creek helped bolster Abraham Lincoln’s re-election campaign in 1864.

Learn More: Battle of Cedar Creek

6. The Confederate victory at the Battle of Thoroughfare Gap (Aug. 28, 1862) was strategically significant for this reason:

 Lee’s army could use Thoroughfare Gap as a safe retreat route from Maryland
 The Manassas Gap railway, a crucial supply source for southern forces at Spotsylvania Courthouse, would remain open
 The victory allowed James Longstreet’s Corps to arrive just in time to save Stonewall Jackson’s isolated corps and defeat the Union army at Second Manassas
 By holding the Union forces back from the pass, Lee’s movement into Maryland was largely unseen by prying Union eyes

Stonewall Jackson’s command, isolated on the old Bull Run battlefield, faced the much larger Union Army of Virginia.  Sensing the risk that his divided Army of Northern Virginia faced, Robert E. Lee was anxious to reunite his army as soon as possible.  Maj. Gen. John Pope’s failure to use the defensive terrain of Thoroughfare Gap to block the arrival of James Longstreet’s command greatly contributed to his crushing defeat at the Battle of Second Manassas (Aug. 28-30, 1862)

Learn More: Battle of Thoroughfare Gap, Battle of Second Manassas

7. Which of the following is an incorrect statement with regards to the Battle of Richmond (Aug 29-30, 1862):

 This was the second largest battle fought in Kentucky
 Temperatures during the battle hovered between 96 and 100 degrees
 This was one of the most decisive Confederate victories of the entire Civil War
 Maj. Gen. Patrick Cleburne, leading a desperate charge against the Union forces at Mt. Zion church was mortally wounded

Maj. Gen. Patrick Cleburne, a central figure in the successful Confederate attack,  was indeed wounded at the Battle of Richmond, but not mortally.  Cleburne would survive the war until his fateful attack against the Union center at the Battle of Franklin on November 30, 1864.

Learn More: Battle of Richmond, Battle of Franklin

8. Despite being fought in the Arizona Territory, The Battle of Picacho Pass (April 15, 1862) featured many Californian elements. Which of these was not one of those elements associated with the battle: 

 The Union forces in the battle were part of the 1st California Cavalry
 The Confederate column’s ultimate aim was to inflame southern sympathies in Southern California and thus gain access to Pacific ports
 Several of the Union soldiers killed in the battle were later reburied in the Presidio in San Francisco
 The battle was fought near a horse “remount” station that served an overland stagecoach route that connected San Francisco and Los Angeles with St. Louis
 The Confederate victory at Picacho Pass served to scare off a significant number of California’s gold miners in the Sierra Nevada range

Despite winning a tactical victory at the Battle of Picacho Pass and marching on to the California border, the small Confederate column was only able to burn hay at other remount sites. No large scale Confederate uprising was achieved in California.  This failure, combined with the earlier loss at Glorieta Pass, virtually eliminated the Confederate threat in the American Southwest.

Learn More: Battle of Picacho PassBattle of Glorieta Pass

Edward "Allegheny" Johnson (Library of Congress)

9.  Despite the inconclusive results, this future Confederate general received his nom de guerre (nickname) from the Battle of Camp Allegheny (Dec. 13, 1861):

 Edward Johnson
 Henry Heth
 Thomas Jackson
 Jubal Early
 John Bell Hood

Colonel Edward “Allegheny” Johnson would be promoted to the rank of Brigadier General at the Battle of Allegheny Mountain.  Johnson would go on to fight at Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, The Wilderness, Spotsylvania Court House, Spring Hill, Franklin, and Nashville.

Learn More: Battle of Camp Allegheny

10.  Over the past 10 years, CWPT, in conjunction with local preservation groups, has been active in working to save and protect battlefield land at Gettysburg.  Which of the following is not one of CWPT’s preservation victories at Gettysburg:

 45 acres at East Cavalry Field in 2003
 Stopping efforts in 2005 to build a casino next to the battlefield
 Preservation of the 145-acre Daniel Lady Farm in 2005
 Preservation of the 2-acre historic Snyder Farm on the Second Day battlefield in 2009
 Supporting efforts to have the Gettysburg “National Tower” torn down
 Burying of power lines on the Gettysburg battlefield

CWPT has not been involved with the burying of power lines at the Gettysburg battlefield.   CWPT is currently focused on working to prevent the development of a new casino facility which would be just one half mile from this most hallowed ground. 

Learn More: Battle of Gettysburg

Support our efforts to stop the placement of a casino at Gettysburg:  No Casino at Gettysburg


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