History Under Siege - 2009 Most Endangered Battlefields
Battle of Spring Hill
On the night of November 28, 1864, Confederate Gen. John Bell Hood’s troops advanced toward Spring Hill to block the supply line of his adversary, Union Maj. Gen. John M. Schofield. The next day, Hood’s troops converged on Spring Hill to find Union soldiers in strength at the crossroads. Hood launched a poorly executed, piecemeal attack which Schofield repulsed at dusk.
Hood’s command structure was breaking down and his reinforcements failed to press the attack. As fighting ended, the Confederates, despite being in a position to envelop the Union force, failed to block Schofield’s route of retreat. During the night, Schofield’s command retreated to Franklin, where, the next day, they would punish Hood’s Confederates for their failures at Spring Hill.
The intense development pressures at play in the Nashville region have posed major challenges for the Spring Hill Battlefield. Recent years have witnessed massive developments and industrial giants purchasing large tracts of historically sensitive land.
Now, however, General Motors is seeking to sell approximately 500 acres of unused land surrounding the Rippavilla Plantation. Although there is an interested buyer, the sale has been delayed and a closing timetable is uncertain. GM is stipulating that the development firm buying the land donate the 100 acres closest to Rippavilla to the nonprofit foundation that runs the site, and will itself contribute $1 million to the cause over the next decade. However initial plans for the remainder of the land call for residential areas, apartments, a hotel, a theater, restaurants, retail stores, office space and other high-density development adjacent to the plantation and battlefield.
CWSAC has classified Spring Hill as a Priority I, Class B battlefield.