Telegraph Trivia

November 2009



1.  The Confederacy established a prison camp for Union prisoners of war near Andersonville, Georgia in 1864.  It is known today by the name of this small town- Andersonville.  What was the camp’s official name?


Answer: Andersonville’s official name was Camp Sumter.


Camp Sumter held more prisoners at any given time than any of the other Confederate military prisons. It was built in early 1864 after Confederate officials decided to move the large number of Federal prisoners in and around Richmond to a place of greater security and more abundant food. During the 14 months it existed, more than 45,000 Union soldiers were confined here. Of these, almost 13,000 died from disease, poor sanitation, malnutrition, overcrowding, or exposure to the elements.


Read more about Andersonville »


2.  As primary speaker at the ceremonies in Gettysburg on November 19, 1863, this person spoke for two hours, after which Abraham Lincoln spoke for roughly two minutes, delivering his famous Gettysburg Address.  Recognizing the clarity with which Lincoln conveyed his message, the orator later penned a letter to Lincoln complimenting him on the "eloquent simplicity & appropriateness" of his remarks, adding:  

"I should be glad, if I could flatter myself that I came as near to the central idea of the occasion, in two hours, as you did in two minutes."

 Who was this man?


Answer:  Edward Everett, former president of Harvard University, Massachusetts state senator, congressman, and governor, Secretary of State under Millard Fillmore, and former vice-presidential candidate in the 1860 election.  


See the Gettysburg Address »

See the original letter at the Library of Congress »


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