1. In what year did the word "deadline" first appear in print?
Answer: In 1864, according to Christine Ammer in The Quarterly Journal of Military History.
"The noun deadline, meaning a limiting mark or time or line, was coined at the infamous Confederate prisoner-of-war camp Andersonville. The first written record of the word appeared in an 1864 report by Col. D. T. Chandler and was later incorporated into the Congressional Record. It read: 'The Federal prisoners are confined within a stockade fifteen feet high. A railing around the inside of the stockade, and about twenty feet from it, constitutes the 'dead line,' beyond which prisoners are not allowed to pass.'"
Read the entire article, "Fighting Words".
2. The following paragraph is from which famous Civil War document?
"Under the pretense of supporting the Constitution, but in violation of its most valuable provisions, your citizens have been arrested and imprisoned upon no charge, and contrary to all forms of law; the faithful and manly protest against this outrage made by the venerable and illustrious Marylanders to whom in better days, no citizens appealed for right in vain, was treated with scorn and contempt; the government of your chief city has been usurped by armed strangers; your legislature has been dissolved by the unlawful arrest of its members; freedom of the press and of speech, of the Federal Executive, and citizens ordered to be tried by a military commission for what they may dare to speak."
Answer: This is a segment of Robert E. Lee's "Proclamation to the People of Maryland", written September 8, 1862. You can use the "Proclamation" when you learn about the Battle of Antietam this September. A lesson plan is available on our web site.
3. Which famous Confederate cavalry officer was shot through the heart at the Battle of Port Republic?
Answer: Col. Turner Ashby.