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Civil War Trust

Fredericksburg 360

Educator's Guide
BY Civil War Trust

Fred 360 header

The Civil War Curriculum: Goals 6 and 9
NCSS Goals: II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, X

Grade Level: High School/Advanced Placement

The Fredericksburg 360 application is a great way to have students independently discover the American Civil War. Use the Fredericksburg 360 application to wander the battlefield digitally. Explore clickable details, photographs, and videos with this interactive panoramic display of the Fredericksburg Battlefield.

Below are ideas for how you and your students can use the application.

History where it Happened | Civil War Strategy | Then and Now


History where it Happened   

The Fredericksburg 360 application is meant to give the user a sense of being on the historic battlefield.  By studying the history of the battle and the land where it took place, one can get a better sense of what happened and why it happened.

Goal:

Students will use Fredericksburg 360 to study certain moments of the battle and analyze how the natural and built environment effected the maneuvers, strategies, and tactics used as well as the outcome.

1. Have students tour the Fredericksburg Battlefield using Fredericksburg 360

2. Students should focus on certain points in the battle where the natural and built environments effect what takes place.  Two suggestions are The River Crossing (Rappahannock River) and the Sunken Road, just below Marye’s Heights.

3. Have students create an original piece of work related to their research.

Ideas include:

Create an illustration of how these natural and built features were used in the battle.

Write an account, as if you are a soldier describing your experience either at the River Crossing or the Sunken Road.


Civil War Strategy – Artillery   

Artillery was a major component in the Battle of Fredericksburg.  Using the Fredericksburg 360 application one can discover when, where and how artillery was used by both armies successfully and unsuccessfully.

Goal:

Students will use Fredericksburg 360 to study the use of artillery during battle as well as the results of using such weapons and methods.

1. Have students tour the Fredericksburg Battlefield using Fredericksburg 360

2. Students should focus on the use and placement of artillery throughout the battle.

3. Have students create an original piece of work related to their research.

Ideas include:

List two instances where artillery is used in the Battle of Fredericksburg then identify whether or not each was successful and explain why.

Using the Battle of Fredericksburg Map (PDF) draw in the locations of artillery in and around Fredericksburg.


Then and Now: The Battle, the Interim, and the Present  

Throughout the Fredericksburg 360 application, one can see how the battlefield changed over time. While much of the battlefield is preserved, there have been some threats since the battle.
From the view of the Sunken Road, one can see modern homes on what was once the open field where Union soldiers perished. The Slaughter Pen Farm, which operated as a farm since the time of the battle, went up for sale in 2006, putting this hallowed ground at risk for development.

Goal:

Students will use Fredericksburg 360 to study the way a historic place, such as the Antietam Battlefield, goes through changes over time on its way to being preserved. 

1. Have students tour the Fredericksburg Battlefield using Fredericksburg 360. 

2. Students should takes notes about the ways the battlefield has changed from the end of the battle in 1862 to the present day.

3. Have students create original work.

Ideas include:

Research the efforts of the Trust to preserve Slaughter Pen Farm. Then develop an argument as to why this particular piece of property should be saved.  This argument would be something that the Trust would give to donors and elected officials.

Resources:

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