September 12, 2007
South Mountain, Third Winchester, Outdoor Classroom, Best Lesson Plan
Civil War Preservation Trust Teacher Newsletter
The Civil War Preservation Trust (CWPT) is America's largest non-profit organization (501-C3) devoted to the preservation of our nation's endangered Civil War battlefields. CWPT's Education Department promotes Civil War battlefield preservation by encouraging the study of the war's timeless lessons, provoking thought about the vital roles these battlefields play in our nation's history.
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1. BEST CIVIL WAR LESSON PLAN CONTEST
Sponsored by The History Channel and the Civil War Preservation Trust
Do you have a terrific Civil War lesson plan to share - one that is challenging and relevant to today's students? Then enter the Best Civil War Lesson Plan contest for a chance to win money and recognition!
**Prizes: First Place - $1,000; Second Place - $750; Third Place - $500. Prizes are generously donated by The History Channel.
**Who May Enter: K-12 teachers nationwide - in public, private, and home schools
Deadline: All submissions must be received by December 1, 2007.
Guidelines: All lesson plans must include the following elements in order to be considered:
*The teacher's complete contact information - including the name of the teacher's school with complete mailing address, complete home address, and preferred phone number and/or email address.
*A brief description of the goals of the lesson and concepts to be taught.
*A list of the materials to be used, as well as copies of teacher-created handouts.
*A brief description of the time involved.
*An explanation of the methods to be used.
*A list of correlating state standards for social studies or history in the teacher's home state, or the appropriate NCSS standards (www.ncss.org).
*Use of at least one primary source - this could be an historic photograph, document, letter, diary, or artifact.
*Inclusion of elements that are engaging and thought provoking for students with a variety of learning styles.
If possible, teachers are encouraged to introduce the concept of battlefield preservation within their lesson. However, lack of this component will not cause an entry to be disqualified. Teachers are also encouraged, but not required, to submit a method of evaluation with their lesson plan.
Submissions become the property of the Civil War Preservation Trust and The History Channel, and may be reprinted, posted on their respective web sites, or shared via other forms of media.
Winning teachers will be notified January 15, 2008.
Send your lesson plan to:
BEST CIVIL WAR LESSON PLAN
Civil War Preservation Trust
11 Public Square, Suite 200
Hagerstown, MD 21740
2. THIS DAY IN HISTORY: SEPTEMBER 14, 1862
The Battle of South Mountain, MD
According to the American Battlefield Protection Program:
“After invading Maryland in September 1862, Gen. Robert E. Lee divided his army to march on and invest Harpers Ferry. The Army of the Potomac under Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan pursued the Confederates to Frederick, Maryland, then advanced on South Mountain. On September 14, pitched battles were fought for possession of the South Mountain passes: Crampton’s, Turner’s, and Fox’s Gaps. By dusk the Confederate defenders were driven back, suffering severe casualties, and McClellan was in position to destroy Lee’s army before it could re-concentrate. McClellan’s limited activity on September 15 after his victory at South Mountain, however, condemned the garrison at Harpers Ferry to capture and gave Lee time to unite his scattered divisions at Sharpsburg. Union general Jesse Reno and Confederate general Samuel Garland, Jr., were killed at South Mountain.”
Read more at http://www.dnr.state.md.us/publiclands/southmtbattle.html:
“The Battle of South Mountain was significant in several respects. For the Confederate forces, it marked the end -- at least temporarily -- of Lee's hopes of a sustained campaign in the North. A near disaster averted, the battle resulted in a costly stand of the Southern army three days later at Antietam, a disheartening retreat back into Virginia, and several more years of war. And for the Federal army, it marked another missed opportunity where, with better coordination and conviction, the Southern army could have been divided and defeated, possibly bringing about an early end to the war. On the heels of the Federal success at Antietam, President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, thereby elevating the destruction of slavery to preservation of the Union as official Northern war aims.”
3. THE OUTDOOR CLASSROOM
A recent study shows that students who are engaged in active, experiential learning show increases of over 20% in test scores across the board. What better way to get your students actively engaged in learning about the Civil War than using a CWPT site as an Outdoor Classroom?
The first CWPT Outdoor Classroom is being developed at the site of the Third Battle of Winchester. Included in the Outdoor Classroom curriculum is a walking tour for students, activities to do on the battlefield, primary documents for all levels, lesson plan ideas, and directories of other Civil War related resources. Professional development is also available for partner schools to help teachers better use battlefields as a teaching tool.
But Winchester is only the beginning. CWPT is looking to develop more Outdoor Classroom curricula with partner schools around the country. If your school is interested in a partnership with CWPT, please contact John Blanton, CWPT Teacher Advisor at firstname.lastname@example.org.
4. GREAT WEB SITES
Reminiscences of My Life in Camp with the 33d United States Colored Troops, Late 1st S.C. Volunteers – By Susie King Taylor
“I HAVE been asked many times by my friend and also by members of the Grand Army of the Republic and Women's Relief Corps, to write book of my army life, during the war of 1861-65 with the regiment of the 1st South Carolina Colored Troops, later called 33d United State Colored Infantry…”
Civil War Glossary, by Civil War Preservation Trust.
Civil War at a Glance, by the FCIC.
Ranks, insignia and pay, including a comparison to modern army pay
Women of the Civil War era. Photos and brief bios.
Text of 1850 Fugitive Slave Act
Colonel Ephraim Elmer Ellsworth
A. Who was the first woman to work at the US Patent office? Before that, she taught for over ten years because as a 16-year-old she was advised to become a teacher to cure her shyness.
B. Which African-American man was hailed as a national hero – and awarded prize money by Congress – for gaining control of a steamboat and surrendering it to the Union?
C. In a letter written November 7, 1865, Lt. Gen. U.S. Grant asked President Andrew Johnson to pardon which former Confederate General?
D. Which Confederate Brigadier General, who died of wounds near Mill Springs, KY, was once a “member of the peace convention of 1861 held in Washington, D.C., in an effort to devise means to prevent the impending war”?
E. Which Confederate general wore a red “fighting shirt”?
6. CWPT EDUCATION PROGRAMS
Feel free to pass this information along to fellow teachers. If you need more information, contact me at email@example.com
TEACHER INSTITUTE: Save the date – Hagerstown, MD: July 25-27, 2008. We will visit Antietam, South Mountain and/or Harpers Ferry. Stay tuned for more details, or check back frequently at www.civilwar.org/travelandevents.htm.
CURRICULUM CD-ROM: Download at the link below, or e-mail to get a free copy.
Receive the monthly classroom newsletter and quarterly Hallowed Ground magazine. You also receive a packet of classroom materials, curriculum CD-ROM & a book of Civil War Trivia. To sponsor a classroom - or receive an application to give to a potential sponsor - please contact me. You may also request a sample newsletter!
EDUCATION WEB SITE:
CIVIL WAR EXPLORER:
POSTER & ESSAY CONTEST:
Both winning students AND their teachers are rewarded! Stay tuned for more details!
ADOPT A BATTLEFIELD: Your classroom can save battlefields while learning about their history! Contact me for background information on the program in general and for a preview of contents. Site packs include Antietam, Appomattox, Fredericksburg, Trevilian Station, Perryville, Peninsula Campaign and Harpers Ferry. Email firstname.lastname@example.org for more details.
TRAVELING TRUNK: For the 2007/2008 school year, rent a trunk of hands-on materials and teaching tools to help your Civil War unit. February, March, April & May book extremely quickly. Email email@example.com for more details.
A. WILSON GREENE SCHOLARSHIP – Have professional educators from Pamplin Historical Park and National Museum of the Civil War Soldier visit your school. Visit this site for details:
If you have been forwarded a copy of this e-mail and would like to subscribe, send email to firstname.lastname@example.org with *subscribe to newsletter* in the subject. To unsubscribe or change your preferences, visit the links below.
A. Clara Barton. Go to http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/treasures/images/vc007051.jpg to see her notes on Fredericksburg. Does one of your students want to dress up like Clara Barton to do a presentation? Then visit http://www.nps.gov/clba/forkids/upload/cbdress.pdf for tips. See also the Clara Barton National Historic Site http://www.nps.gov/clba/.
B. Robert Smalls. http://www.robertsmalls.org. Union press called the steamer – The Planter – the “first trophy from Fort Sumter”.
C. James Longstreet. See http://www.longstreetchronicles.org/doc3.htm. Grant stated, “Knowing that General Longstreet, late of the army which was in rebellion against the authority of the United States, is in the city, and presuming that he intends asking executive clemency before leaving, I beg to say a word in his favor.” Grant and Longstreet knew each other at West Point and were related by marriage.
D. Felix Zollicoffer. For more about his career visit these two sites: http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=z000012
E. Ambrose Powell Hill. See www.aphillcsa.com and www.civilwarhome.com/aphillbio.htm.
Civil War Preservation Trust
11 Public Square, Suite 200
Hagerstown, MD 21740
You cannot make yourself feel something
you do not feel, but you can make yourself
do right in spite of your feelings.
-- Pearl Buck