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Civil War Trust

October 1, 2007

Death of Rose O'Neal Greenhow, George McClelland, Teacher Institute Proposals

Civil War Preservation Trust Teacher Newsletter

The Civil War Preservation Trust (CWPT) is America's largest non-profit organization (501-C3) devoted to the preservation of our nation's endangered Civil War battlefields. CWPT's Education Department promotes Civil War battlefield preservation by encouraging the study of the war's timeless lessons, provoking thought about the vital roles these battlefields play in our nation's history.

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1.  CWPT INVITES APPLICATIONS TO PRESENT WORKSHOPS AT 2008 TEACHER INSTITUTE 
2.  THIS DAY IN HISTORY: OCTOBER 1, 1864
3.  RESEARCH REQUEST  
4.  GREAT WEB SITES
5.  TRIVIA
6.  SELECTED CWPT EDUCATION PROGRAMS

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For more information, or to subscribe or unsubscribe, e-mail jrosenberry@civilwar.org


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1.  CWPT INVITES APPLICATIONS TO PRESENT WORKSHOPS AT 2008 TEACHER INSTITUTE

 The Civil War Preservation Trust will hold its 7th annual Summer Teacher Institute the weekend of July 25-27, 2008 in Hagerstown, MD.  This year’s institute will feature tours of Antietam and Harpers Ferry as well as workshops on a variety of topics. 

CWPT is currently accepting proposals for workshops to be presented at the 2008 Teacher Institute.  We welcome applications for workshops that will focus not only on content but also on methods and techniques to help our attendees better communicate that content to their students.  Past workshops have covered a broad range of topics from the controversy surrounding the outbreak of the war to period dance to the role of naval forces in the conflict. 

Selected presenters will receive free room and board during the institute, reimbursement for travel costs, and a tax-deductible in-kind donation letter.  For more information on the institute or to apply to present a workshop, please contact CWPT Teacher Advisor John Blanton via e-mail at jblanton@civilwar.org or by phone at (202) 367-1861 x 223.

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2. THIS DAY IN HISTORY: OCTOBER 1, 1864

According to E. B. Long’s Civil War Day By Day, the following unfortunate event occurred on October 1, 1864:

“The British blockade-runner Condor, being pursued by USS Niphon, went aground off New Inlet, near Fort Fisher, NC.  Fearing capture because of dispatches and $2,000 in gold she was carrying, the famed Confederate spy Mrs. Rose O’Neal Greenhow left Condor in a small boat.  The surf overturned the boat, the gold weighed her down, and she drowned.”  (pp. 577-578)

Read more about Mrs. Greenhow here: http://scriptorium.lib.duke.edu/greenhow/#rose, and www.civilwarhome.com/greenhowbio.htm

Read her book, My Imprisonment and the First Year of Abolition Rule at Washington.  On page 74 you can learn about an alleged abolitionist assassination attempt on James Buchanan.  Learn about her imprisonment on page 288.  The book is located at http://docsouth.unc.edu/fpn/greenhow/greenhow.html

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3.   RESEARCH REQUEST

The Civil War Preservation Trust is currently engaged in an educational project involving the letters of Union soldier George P. McClelland of the 155th Pennsylvania Volunteers.  We invite anyone who may have information or sources related to McClelland or the 155th Pennsylvania to contact Teacher Advisor John Blanton at jblanton@civilwar.org or (202) 367-1861 x223.  Thank you in advance for your assistance!

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4. GREAT WEB SITES 


http://nmhm.washingtondc.museum/exhibits/virtual/Walt%20Whitman.html
"Walt Whitman’s Soldiers":  A National Museum of Health and Medicine Online Exhibit.  “The National Museum of Health and Medicine holds several photos and unique anatomical specimens that open a window onto Walt Whitman’s life and his experiences in Washington’s Civil War hospitals …These images and artifacts connect us not only to Whitman, who lived and worked in Washington from 1863 to 1873, but also to the soldiers he nursed and to the makeshift institutions where, as Whitman wrote, “every cot had its history.” Inspired by his witness of suffering by soldiers and of caregiving by nurses and doctors, Whitman’s writings from this tumultuous period stand among his greatest.”
 

www.civilwardance.org/resources.htm
The new and updated web page for the Victorian Dance Ensemble!
”Unlike modern dancing that is couple oriented, dancing in the mid-Victorian era was much more “social”. Almost all dances were done in formations of circles, squares or lines, with the couples interacting with other couples. It was considered ill mannered to dance with the same partner all evening. Everyone at a ball had a social duty to mingle and to ensure that everyone else had a pleasant time … Although there were strict rules of behavior, they tended to add an agreeable degree of formality and decorum that has been lost in today’s world. The Victorian Dance Ensemble is dedicated to recreating the grace and beauty of this bygone era.”


http://ehistory.osu.edu/osu/sources/records/list.cfm
The War of the Rebellion:  A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies.  Online and searchable, from eHistory at Ohio State University.


www.lib.washington.edu/subject/History/tm/black.html
African American History, from University of Washington Libraries.  


www.generalsandbrevets.com
The Generals of the American Civil War.  Photos of generals – both Union and Confederate, listed alphabetically.

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5. TRIVIA


A.   What unusual procedure was performed on Private Carleton Burgan after his pneumonia treatment went terribly wrong?


B.   On March 9, 1865, U.S. Grant reported the following piece of news to US Secretary of War Edwin Stanton:
     “THE NEGRO SOLDIER BILL.
     House bill to increase the military force of the Confederate States by
     putting negroes into the army was passed by the Senate yesterday by
     a majority of one, with an amendment providing that not more than
     (XX) per cent. of the male slaves, between the ages of eighteen and
     forty-five, in any State shall be called for.”
What was the maximum percentage of male slaves that would be called for?


C.  These battles (below) were fought in what state?
     October 9, 1861 Santa Rosa Island
     October 1-3, 1862 St. John's Bluff
     October 16-18, 1863 Fort Brooke
     February 20, 1864 Olustee / Ocean Pond
     March 6, 1865 Natural Bridge


D.   "Life has always been a small matter with me when duty points the way.”  Which future CS general wrote these words to his brother on the eve of the war? 


E.  What US vessel was sunk by a torpedo in the Blakely River (Alabama) on March 29, 1865? 

Answers

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6.  CWPT EDUCATION PROGRAMS

Feel free to pass this information along to fellow teachers. If you need more information, contact me at jrosenberry@civilwar.org
 


BEST CIVIL WAR LESSON PLAN CONTEST:  Do you have a terrific Civil War lesson plan to share - one that is challenging and relevant to today's students? www.civilwar.org/historyclassroom/contests.htm#lesson.


TEACHER INSTITUTE: Save the date – Hagerstown, MD: July 25-27, 2008. Teachers will visit Antietam or Harpers Ferry on Saturday, as well as attend classes on Friday and Sunday. Stay tuned for more details or contact jblanton@civilwar.org


CURRICULUM CD-ROM: Download at the link below, or e-mail to get a free copy. 
www.civilwar.org/historyclassroom/hc_curriculum1.htm  


CLASSROOM MEMBERSHIP:
Receive the monthly classroom newsletter and quarterly Hallowed Ground magazine. You also receive a packet of classroom materials, curriculum CD-ROM & a book of Civil War Trivia.  To sponsor a classroom - or receive an application to give to a potential sponsor - please contact jrosenberry@civilwar.org You may also request a sample newsletter! 
www.civilwar.org/historyclassroom/classroommembership.htm  


EDUCATION WEB SITE: 
www.civilwar.org/historyctandclassrm.htm 


CIVIL WAR EXPLORER: 
www.civilwar.org/cwe/index.asp


POSTER & ESSAY CONTEST:
Both winning students AND their teachers are rewarded! The deadline will be May 2008.  Stay tuned for more details at 
www.civilwar.org/historyclassroom/contests.htm#poster


ADOPT A BATTLEFIELD: Your classroom can save battlefields while learning about their history! Contact me for background information on the program in general and for a preview of contents. Site packs include Antietam, Appomattox, Fredericksburg, Trevilian Station, Perryville, Peninsula Campaign and Harpers Ferry.   Email jrosenberry@civilwar.org for more details.  Future sites will include Third Winchester and Chancellorsville.


TRAVELING TRUNK: For the 2007/2008 school year, rent a trunk of hands-on materials and teaching tools to help your Civil War unit. April is fully booked; there are a few slots left in February, March & May which book quickly. Email jrosenberry@civilwar.org for more details.


A. WILSON GREENE SCHOLARSHIP – Have professional educators from Pamplin Historical Park and National Museum of the Civil War Soldier visit your school. Visit this site for details: 
www.civilwar.org/historyctandclassrm.htm 


POSTER, PHOTO, and BEST CIVIL WAR LESSON PLAN CONTESTS 
www.civilwar.org/historyclassroom/contests.htm


BATTLEFIELDS AS OUTDOOR CLASSROOMS –contact jblanton@civilwar.org for more information.

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If you have been forwarded a copy of this e-mail and would like to subscribe, send email to jrosenberry@civilwar.org with *subscribe to newsletter* in the subject.

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TRIVIA ANSWERS:

 
A.  Private Carleton Burgan was the first case involving “total facial reconstructive surgery.”  According to the National Museum of Health and Medicine, 20-year-old Burgan “…was given calomel, a strong mercurial drug. On Aug. 6, doctors discovered that the calomel had caused an ulcer on Burgan's tongue. The ulcer soon spread to his cheek and the roof of his mouth. The ulcer became gangrenous. The gangrene disappeared on Aug. 27, but it had destroyed Burgan's upper mouth, palate, right cheek and right eye. The bone of his right cheek was removed to halt any further spread of the gangrene. … Dr. Gurdon Buck of City Hospital in New York performed a series of operations to rebuild Burgan's face. Dental and facial fixtures were crafted to fill in the missing bone and support the skin… He went on to live a normal life, with minimal visual and physical reminders of the damage.”   Read more and view the results at http://nmhm.washingtondc.museum/exhibits/nationswounds/surgery2.html


B.  Twenty five percent. 
http://ehistory.osu.edu/osu/sources/recordView.cfm?Content=096/0901
Official Records:  Series I, Vol. XLVI, Part II, p. 901.


C.    Florida.  There was another battle: “June 30-July 1, 1862 Tampa”– but that would have been too easy!  Locally the battle was known as “The Yankee Outrage at Tampa”.   www.americancivilwar.com/statepic/florida.html


D.  Patrick Cleburne.  www.patrickcleburne.com.  According to Civil War Home, “The most popular Confederate division commander was the "Stonewall of the West"-Patrick R. Cleburne. Appropriately, the native of County Cork was born on St. Patrick's Day and became the only product of the Emerald Isle to become a Confederate major general.”  www.civilwarhome.com/clebunbi.htm


E.   The USS Osage.  According to the US Navy, her hulk was later raised and sold in November 1867.  Visit www.history.navy.mil/photos/sh-usn/usnsh-o/osage.htm to learn more and see pictures of her. 

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Jennifer Rosenberry
Education Coordinator
Civil War Preservation Trust
11 Public Square, Suite 200
Hagerstown, MD 21740
301.665.1400
jrosenberry@civilwar.org

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