November 30, 2007
Patrick Cleburne Killed, Institute, Events
Civil War Preservation Trust Teacher Newsletter
The Civil War Preservation Trust (CWPT) is America's largest non-profit organization (501-C3) devoted to the preservation of our nation's endangered Civil War battlefields. CWPT's Education Department promotes Civil War battlefield preservation by encouraging the study of the war's timeless lessons, provoking thought about the vital roles these battlefields play in our nation's history.
6. SELECTED CWPT EDUCATION PROGRAMS
1. THIS DAY IN HISTORY: NOVEMBER 30, 1864 – PATRICK CLEBURNE
Sadly, on this date Major-General Patrick Roynane Cleburne was killed at the Battle of Franklin, Tennessee. Cleburne was one of six Confederate generals to die in the tragic battle, where the worst fighting occurred near the Carter House.
Cleburne was born in Ireland on St. Patrick’s Day. During the years of famine he and several family members came to America. He became a citizen, studied intently, and soon practiced law in Helena, Arkansas. When the Civil War broke out he raised a company of soldiers that joined the First Arkansas. Soon afterwards it became the Fifteenth Arkansas.
Cleburne impressed his superiors so much that on March 4, 1862, he became a brigadier-general. By December 13, 1862, he was a major general. He brought skill and discipline to his command, which his men respected.
Controversy surrounded him when he wrote a proposal to arm the slaves to fight for the Confederacy, with a view to freedom. He knew that Confederacy desperately needed manpower, and had the best interests of his adopted country in mind. The proposal was suppressed, though, and possibly hurt his career.
He fought valiantly at Shiloh, Richmond, KY (painfully wounded), Perryville, Murfreesboro, Chickamauga, Ringgold Gap, Pickett’s Mill, and other battles. He earned the nickname “Stonewall of the West”.
The Confederate Congress showed their gratitude for his skill and bravery with a joint resolution: "Resolved, that the thanks of Congress are due, and are hereby tendered to Maj.-Gen. Patrick R. Cleburne, and the officers and men under his command, for the victory obtained by them over superior forces of the enemy at Ringgold Gap in the State of Georgia on the 27th day of November, 1863, by which the advance of the enemy was impeded, our wagon trains and most of our artillery saved, and a large number of the enemy killed and wounded."
Tragically, Cleburne was killed at Franklin on November 30, 1864. The entire South mourned his death. Cleburne loved his adopted country and its people. He was a gentleman of excellent character, hard work and compassion. One wonders what he could have accomplished after the war, had he survived.
2. TEACHER INSTITUTE APPLICATION NOW ONLINE
Registration for the 2008 Teacher Institute is now open! Visit www.civilwar.org/travelandevents/TI2008Registration.pdf or www.civilwar.org/travelandevents/TI2008Registration.doc to download the application form. The institute will be held in Hagerstown, MD from July 25-27, 2008. Teachers will visit Antietam or Harpers Ferry on Saturday, as well as attend classes on Friday and Sunday.
3. GREAT WEB SITES
Civil War Preservation Trust book catalog at LibraryThing.
Civil War Preservation Trust “Listmania” and Guide for Civil War educators
Florida in the Civil War. Also links to general Civil War topics of interest.
Teaching With Historic Places lesson plans about the Civil War, from the National Park Service
From the Gilder Lehrman Institute: "Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln"
Presentation by Doris Kearns Goodwin, February 28, 2007 at the London School of Economics
Anniversary weekend commemorating the Battle of Fredericksburg, Va.
December 8-9, 2007; More information: 540-373-6122
A. Who were the other five Confederate generals who died at the Battle of Franklin, TN, November 30, 1864?
B. Who was Black Kettle?
C. How did the exiled Copperhead, Clement Vallandigham, campaign for Governor of Ohio in 1863?
D. Where did CS Secretary of State Judah P. Benjamin go after the war?
E. What was the official name of Andersonville prison?
6. SELECTED CWPT EDUCATION PROGRAMS
Hagerstown, MD: July 25-27, 2008. Teachers will visit Antietam or Harpers Ferry on Saturday, as well as attend classes on Friday and Sunday. To register, contact firstname.lastname@example.org. The institute application is online at
Two-Week Civil War Curriculum CD-ROM:
Download online, or e-mail to get a copy in the mail.
Receive the monthly classroom newsletter and quarterly Hallowed Ground magazine, a packet of classroom materials, curriculum CD-ROM & book of Civil War trivia. To sponsor a classroom, receive an application, view a newsletter - contact email@example.com
Civil War Preservation Trust Education Web Sites:
www.civilwar.org/historyctandclassrm.htm; ==> www.civilwar.org/cwe/index.asp
Poster & Essay Competition:
Both winning students AND their teachers are rewarded! The deadline is May 15, 2008. Learn more at
Adopt a Battlefield:
Save battlefields while teaching about their history! Site packs include Antietam, Appomattox, Fredericksburg, Trevilian Station, Perryville, Peninsula Campaign and Harpers Ferry. Email firstname.lastname@example.org for more details. Contact email@example.com for information on Third Winchester, Chancellorsville and Glendale.
Rent one for the 2008/2009 school year, and access hands-on items, books, music and visuals. Email firstname.lastname@example.org
A. Wilson Greene Scholarship:
Have professional educators from Pamplin Historical Park and National Museum of the Civil War Soldier visit your school.
A. The other five generals were States Rights Gist, Hiram B. Granbury, John Adams, Otho F. Strahl (killed outright) and John C. Carter, mortally wounded. (Source: Civil War Day by Day, E.B. Long, p 603).
Hiram B. Granbury: http://www.ejlanham.com/Granbury.html -- also includes the search for his wife’s burial site
B. Black Kettle was a major Cheyenne chief who escaped at the Sand Creek Massacre, November 29, 1864. According to Civil War Day by Day (pp. 602-603):
“Sand Creek, Colo. Terr. will remain forever a blot on American history in the opinion of most historians…. With some nine hundred volunteers, US Col. J. M. Chivington moved out to the Indian camp on Sand Creek, some forty miles south of Fort Lyon, where there were over five hundred Arapahos and Cheyenne. The Indians had insisted they were peaceable and contended they had not taken part in recent raids. Chivington’s force attacked the village without warning and massacred warriors, women, and children…. Chivington claimed between five hundred and six hundred killed …. Some westerners approved, but easterners as a whole were aghast. Eventually the government condemned the massacre and paid indemnity to the survivors.”
More on the life of Black Kettle: www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/people/a_c/blackkettle.htm.
C. He campaigned by mail from Canada. However, he was defeated soundly (Civil War Day By Day, 421).
Clement Vallandigham: www.britannica.com/eb/article-9074721.
D. Benjamin went to Britain, where he began a career in law. Late in life he went to Paris to be with his family. He died in Paris and was buried under the name “Philippe Benjamin”. www.civilwarhome.com/benjaminbio.htm
E. Officially, it was Camp Sumter (Civil War Day By Day, 469).
Civil War Preservation Trust
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Hagerstown, MD 21740