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Civil War Trust

November 17, 2007

Oct. 31 & Nov. 1 in the Civil War, Take Action, Luminaria, Glendale

 Civil War Preservation Trust Teacher Newsletter

The Civil War Preservation Trust (CWPT) is America's largest non-profit organization (501-C3) devoted to the preservation of our nation's endangered Civil War battlefields. CWPT's Education Department promotes Civil War battlefield preservation by encouraging the study of the war's timeless lessons, provoking thought about the vital roles these battlefields play in our nation's history.


1.  This Day In History: October 31, 1864 and November 1, 1861
2.  Take Action!
3.  Luminaria
4.  Great Web Sites
5.  Campaign to Save Glendale
6.  Trivia
7.  Selected CWPT Education Programs


1. This Day in History: October 31, 1864 and November 1, 1861

According to E. B. Long’s Civil War Day By Day, the following events occurred:
* October 31, 1864:  By order of President Lincoln, Nevada entered the Union as the thirty-sixth state (p. 591).
* November 1, 1861:  “McClellan Supplants Winfield Scott”

"Youthful, self-contained, supposedly vigorous Maj. Gen. George Brinton McClellan succeeded aged, obese, ailing Lieut. Gen. Winfield Scott.  The old man was stepping down voluntarily but under pressure after one of the most illustrious and lengthy careers in American military life.  The Civil War was too new, too young, too immense.  And furthermore, another man wanted the job.  Scott realized he must go, but evidence shows that he would have preferred another to the ardent thirty-four-year-old general who had been complaining about him publicly and privately for months.  As Scott made his lonely trip to retirement at West Point, there was general approval that a younger man who promised so much would be at the help as General-in-Chief.  True, the fall was flitting past with little or no action, but the Army looked grand.  Lincoln and his Cabinet paid a farewell visit to the fading commander” (pp. 133-134).


2.  Take Action!
America’s Civil War battlefields are in danger!  The Civil War Preservation Trust is asking all friends of battlefield preservation to contact your U.S. Senators and Representative and urge them to cosponsor the Civil War Battlefield Preservation Act of 2007, H.R. 2933 in the House and S. 1921 in the Senate. Washington officials need to know their constituents care about Civil War battlefield preservation! Please call and write your federal lawmakers* to urge them to cosponsor the Civil War Battlefield Preservation Act. We have included sample letters and phone scripts in the brown menu box on the left of this page to make your involvement as quick and easy as possible. If your Senators and Representatives have already signed on as cosponsors, please write them a short letter thanking them for their support – it is important they know they are doing something their constituents want!
Also, if possible, please consider arranging a meeting at your local Senate or Congressional office. Believe it or not, a quick 20-minute meeting with Congressional aides can have a dramatic impact on elected officials. If you are a member of a Civil War Roundtable or reenactment group, you may want to consider going with several other members of your organization. CWPT is happy to help you prepare for these meetings – please contact Brent Laurenz at or 800-298-7878 ext. 220 if you need assistance.


3.  Luminaria

From Civil War Traveler…

Candlelight will commemorate the sacrifice of Civil War soldiers this season at Poplar Grove National Cemetery near Petersburg, Va.; the Soldiers' National Cemetery in Gettysburg; and the Antietam National Battlefield in Maryland.

Special programs and music 5-9 pm highlight the Poplar Grove event Nov. 10. For directions or more information, call 804-732-3531 extension 200.  Visit

The Gettysburg Luminaria is scheduled 5:30-9:30 pm Nov. 17. The annual Remembrance Day Parade begins at 1 pm in downtown Gettysburg on November 17.   An observance of the anniversary of Lincoln's Gettysburg address follows two days later on Nov. 19 with a 9:45 am program at the Soldiers' Cemetery.  Visit

The Antietam Illumination – with 23,000 candles placed along the Antietam National Battlefield tour road, is held December 1 beginning at 6 pm. Visit

All the illuminations are free and may be postponed due to weather.


4. Great Web Sites
The War of the Rebellion:  A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies.  Or, commonly known as the “Official Records” or “OR”.  Searchable.
United States Colored Troops Buried in Ohio – interactive map
Dr. Mary Walker, Civil War Surgeon
The Music of the American Civil War.  Midi files sequenced by Robert Tubb.  Based on The Civil War Songbook: Complete Original Sheet Music for 37 Songs.  He also has a second site:
Check out the Union and Confederate money images from (Arthur and Clive Henrick, ACWA).  (Some of the other links, however, are commercial or don’t work.  But the Henrick images are worth looking at or printing for your students.)
Just for fun, the “Haunted History of Halloween”, from The History Channel.


5. Campaign to Save Glendale

(Washington, D.C.) – The Civil War Preservation Trust (CWPT), America’s largest nonprofit battlefield preservation group, announced last week the beginning of a national campaign to preserve four key parcels of land associated with the Glendale Battlefield in Henrico County, VA.  According to historians, the area targeted for preservation witnessed some of the most intense close-quarters and hand-to-hand combat of the entire Civil War.

“We have a tremendous preservation opportunity at Glendale,” remarked CWPT President James Lighthizer.  “Until two years ago, practically none of the historic center of this battlefield was protected.  Visitors had trouble finding so much as a place to pull off the road.  If our campaign to save Glendale is successful, we will have saved nearly the entire battlefield from scratch.”

Historians agree with Lighthizer’s assessment that preserving this land at Glendale will be an unprecedented achievement.  According to Robert E. L. Krick, historian at Richmond National Battlefield Park, “There has been nothing like it before in Virginia….  These acres do not fill in gaps or simply improve an existing picture.  They are the core of the battlefield.”

The battle of Glendale, also referred to as Frayser’s Farm, was fought on June 30, 1862.  Earlier that spring, the federal Army of the Potomac had launched an offensive up the Virginia Peninsula in an attempt to capture the Confederate capital at Richmond.  After pushing with seven miles of the city Northern fortunes turned when Robert E. Lee took command of the Confederate Army and began steadily driving the invaders back from the capital during his famous Seven Days Campaign.  Glendale was the fifth major engagement of the Seven Days Campaign.

The fighting at Glendale was Lee’s last chance to inflict serious damage on the Union Army before it was out of reach.  The Rebel attack, however, was poorly coordinated and, despite an initial rout, the Federal forces were able to regroup, withdrawing to a strategic defensive position at nearby Malvern Hill.  The piecemeal nature of the Confederate attack led to enormous casualties – more than 6,000 killed, wounded or missing on both sides – and prevented Lee from achieving his goal of crippling the retreating Union Army.

Despite its historical significance, until recently nearly the entire Glendale battlefield remained vulnerable to development.  The only areas protected were the tiny Glendale National Cemetery and a small preserved area on the outskirts of the main battle area.  Citing numerous impending housing developments with names trading on the battlefield’s history, Glendale was included in CWPT’s annual list of most threatened battlefields in 2004 and 2006.

Late in 2005, the first piece of Glendale’s remarkable reclamation puzzle fell into place when CWPT began moving to acquire a crucial 39-acre tract at the very heart of the battlefield.  “For the first time we had cause to celebrate a preservation success at Glendale,” Lighthizer said.  “Suddenly doors were opened and we could hope that not all of this hallowed ground would be lost to development.”

Today, preservationists stand on the cusp of preserving an additional 319 acres at the very heart of the battlefield.  To get to this point, negotiations have stretched across many months and multiple meetings.  However, CWPT is not yet ready to list the properties as saved; first, they must be paid for….

With 65,000 members, CWPT is the largest nonprofit battlefield preservation organization in the United States.  Its mission is to preserve our nation’s remaining Civil War battlefields.  Since 1987, the organization has saved nearly 25,000 acres of hallowed ground, including 11,700 acres in Virginia.  CWPT’s website is located at


6. Trivia

A.  Which person unofficially started the MIA movement in America?

B.  Who were two people who helped identify the dead at Andersonville Prison in Georgia?

C.  Today, Clara Barton’s Birthplace is also home to what health education institution?

D.   Why did US Private Franklin Thompson, of the Second Michigan Infantry, desert the regiment on April 19, 1863?

E.  Who was Florena Budwin?



7.  Selected CWPT Education Programs 
Feel free to pass this information along to fellow teachers. If you need more information, contact me at

Best Civil War Lesson Plan Competition:
Do you have a terrific Civil War lesson plan to share - one that is challenging and relevant to today's students? Sponsored by The History Channel.

Teacher Institute:
Hagerstown, MD: July 25-27, 2008. Teachers will visit Antietam or Harpers Ferry on Saturday, as well as attend classes on Friday and Sunday. Stay tuned for more details or contact
                 Would you like to be a presenter at the institute? 
                 Applications are welcomed for workshops focusing not only on content
                 but also on methods and techniques to help our attendees better
                 communicate that content to their students.  Past workshops have
                 covered a broad range of topics from the controversy surrounding
                 the outbreak of the war to period dance to the role of naval forces in 
                 the conflict. 
                 Selected presenters will receive room and board during the
                 institute, reimbursement for travel, and a tax-deductible
                 in-kind donation letter.  For more information on the institute or to
                 apply, please contact CWPT Teacher Advisor John Blanton via
                 e-mail at or by phone at (202) 367-1861 x 223.

Two-Week Civil War Curriculum CD-ROM:
Download at the link below, or e-mail to get a free copy.  

Classroom Membership:
Receive the monthly classroom newsletter and quarterly Hallowed Ground magazine. You also receive a packet of classroom materials, curriculum CD-ROM & a book of Civil War Trivia.  To sponsor a classroom - or receive an application to give to a potential sponsor - please contact You may also request a sample newsletter!  

Education Web Site: 

Civil War Explorer:

Poster & Essay Competition:
Both winning students AND their teachers are rewarded! The deadline is May 15, 2008.  Learn more at

Adopt a Battlefield:
Your classroom can save battlefields while learning about their history! Contact me for background information on the program in general and for a preview of contents. Site packs include Antietam, Appomattox, Fredericksburg, Trevilian Station, Perryville, Peninsula Campaign and Harpers Ferry.   Email for more details.  Future sites will include Third Winchester and Chancellorsville.

Traveling Trunk:
For the 2007/2008 school year, rent a trunk of hands-on materials and teaching tools to help your Civil War unit. February through May is fully booked; however, there are slots open in the winter.  Or, book now for the 2008/2009 school year. Email for more details.

A. Wilson Greene Scholarship:
Have professional educators from Pamplin Historical Park and National Museum of the Civil War Soldier visit your school. 

Battlefields as Outdoor Classrooms:
Contact for more information.


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Trivia Answers:

A.  Clara Barton, as head of “Office of Correspondence with Friends of the Missing Men of the United States Army” in March 1865 and as part of the team identifying approximately 13,000 graves at Andersonville Prison, GA, in the summer of 1865.

B.  Again, Clara Barton, as well as Dorence Atwater.  Dorence Atwater was a former prisoner at Andersonville and had been assigned to keep records of deaths at the prison. and (Start about 1/3 of the way down). 

C.  The Barton Center for Diabetes Education, Inc., whose mission is “to improve the lives of children with insulin dependent diabetes through education, recreation, and support programs which inspire and empower.” &  Clara would be pleased.

D.  Franklin “Frank” Thompson was really Sarah Emma Evelyn Edmonds, and she had contracted malaria.  If she had gone to the hospital her gender would have been discovered.  The Canadian-born Sarah initially left home – in male disguise – to escape an arranged marriage.  She eventually received a pension after the war AND had the desertion charge removed from her name.

E.  She was one of three known female prisoners of war to have been at Andersonville.  She was later moved to the prison at Florence, SC where she was discovered to be a woman., pages 5-6.    According to Larry G. Eggleston’s Women in the Civil War, the other two were Janie Hunt (who was imprisoned with her husband, and was discovered when she gave birth in July 1864), and a woman who died and whose grave is marked as “unknown”.  She was not discovered until after her death. 

CWPT is trying to save land at the 1st Day of Chancellorsville & at Glendale. 
You can help! &


Jennifer Rosenberry
Education Coordinator
Civil War Preservation Trust
11 Public Square, Suite 200
Hagerstown, MD 21740

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