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Civil War Trust

July 26, 2008

Kennesaw Mountain, Photography Contest, Events

 Civil War Preservation Trust Teacher Newsletter

The Civil War Preservation Trust (CWPT) is America's largest non-profit organization (501-C3) devoted to the preservation of our nation's endangered Civil War battlefields. CWPT's Education Department promotes Civil War battlefield preservation by encouraging the study of the war's timeless lessons, provoking thought about the vital roles these battlefields play in our nation's history.


1. This Day in History:
June 27, 2008 – Battle of Kennesaw Mountain

2. Great Web Sites

3. Events

4. Civil War Goes Digital through CWPT Photography Contest

5. Trivia

6. Selected CWPT Education Programs


1. This Day in History:
June 27, 2008 – Battle of Kennesaw Mountain Atlanta Campaign (1864)

Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman [US]
Military Division of the Mississippi [US] Estimated 3,000 casualties


Gen. Joseph E. Johnston [CS]
Army of Tennessee [CS]
Estimated 1,000 casualties

According to the American Battlefield Protection Program, “On the night of June 18-19, Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, fearing envelopment, withdrew his army to a new, previously selected position astride Kennesaw Mountain. This entrenched arc-shaped line, to the north and west of Marietta, protected the Western & Atlantic Railroad, the supply link to Atlanta. Having defeated General John B. Hood troops at Kolb’s Farm on the 22nd, Sherman was sure that Johnston had stretched his line too thin and, therefore, decided on a frontal attack with some diversions on the flanks. On the morning of June 27, Sherman sent his troops forward after an artillery bombardment. At first, they made some headway overrunning Confederate pickets south of the Burnt Hickory Road, but attacking an enemy that was dug in was futile. The fighting ended by noon, and Sherman suffered high casualties.”  The result was a Confederate victory.

Also see:

(Hint: You may have to cut and paste the entire link – from “www” through “=civil” into your browser.)

And Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park

Kennesaw Mountain is an at-risk battlefield:


2. Great Web Sites:

Antietam National Cemetery Payroll, 1866-1867

Civil War Pictionary, from Petersburg National Battlefield Park

Great collection of Civil War pictures – as well as other wonderful old photos!

“During the American Civil War more varieties of artillery projectiles and cannon were used than in any other time in military history. The outbreak of hostilities in 1861, found inventors on both sides searching for the perfect blend of sabot, shell body, and fuze to create the artillery projectile that would give the military advantage to their respective cannoneers. This seemingly unending search for that elusive, perfect projectile continued even after the end of the Civil War.”

Josiah Bunting III:  “Three Soldiers and American Ways of War: Part 2, Ulysses S. Grant”.  April 8, 2008 at the New-York Historical Society “In the second of this series of three lectures, Josiah Bunting III examines the military career of Ulysses S. Grant. Grant has not always been viewed favorably by historians, but Bunting contends that Grant was a genius as a leader and an ideal commander. Josiah Bunting III is president of The Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation and the author, most recently, of ‘Ulysses S. Grant’."


3.  Events:

==> Fort Donelson National Battlefield, Dover, TN:
Naval exhibition, July 4-6, 2008, 9 am - 4 pm each day

Jr. Ranger programs, July 5, 10 am and 1 pm, children ages 5-12 years No admission or program fees
For additional information, contact the Visitor Center at Fort Donelson National Battlefield, 931-232-5706 x 101 or visit the park website:

==> Character Counts! Week
October 19-25, 2008

Last year over 5 million kids in 51 countries celebrated the Six Pillars of Character ― trustworthiness, respect, responsibility, fairness, caring, and citizenship - and connected with others around the globe.   Visit to receive lesson plans and other materials.


4.  Civil War Goes Digital through CWPT Photography Contest
This summer, CWPT is teaming up with The History Channel and the Center for Civil War Photography (CCWP) to sponsor a national photography competition to promote appreciation of America’s rich Civil War heritage.  For the first time, all entries will be submitted online, allowing more people to participate than ever before.
In addition to showcasing modern images of sites associated with the Civil War, the contest is designed to encourage closer study of the many images taken during the conflict.  CCWP, a nonprofit group dedicated to educating the public about Civil War photography and its role in the conflict, sponsors the “Then and Now” category.
Amateur photographers submit Civil War-related photos in four different categories:  (1) Civil War Battlefields, showcasing their solemn and scenic landscapes; (2) People on Civil War Battlefields, focusing on visitors enjoying their time on the battlefield; (3) Preservation Threats, illustrating the threats faced by Civil War battlefields and historic sites; and (4) Then and Now, contrasting early images of battlefields with the same sites today.
The winner of each category will receive a one-year membership (or membership extension) to CWPT and a special plaque, while the Grand Prize winner will receive free registration to CWPT’s 2009 annual conference, “The Fields of Gettysburg.”  Second- and third-place winners will receive certificates of recognition.  All winning images will be featured in CWPT publications and on

Additionally, the winner of the “Then and Now” category will receive a free registration to the Center for Civil War Photography’s 2009 Image of War seminar (date and location to be announced).
All submissions to the contest must be uploaded to the CWPT site at  Once uploaded, photos must be tagged to ensure their consideration in the correct category. 
Participants must be amateur photographers and at least 13 years old.  Employees of sponsoring organizations and their families are not eligible.  The deadline for entries is August 31, 2008.  For complete contest rules and instructions, visit


5. Trivia

A.  Who is thought to have pioneered the use of the Traverse Trench during the Civil War?

B. What is enfilading gunfire?

C. What is the “Lost Cause Theory”, and which Confederate general is most responsible for promoting it?

D. Who was “Outhouse Johnstone”?

E. Ulysses S. Grant used his influence to help James Longstreet become minister to which country after the Civil War?



6.  Selected CWPT Education Programs

**Teacher Institute:
Hagerstown, MD: July 25-27, 2008. Teachers will visit Antietam or Harpers Ferry on Saturday, as well as attend classes on Friday and Sunday. To register, contact The application is online at ==>

**Two-Week Civil War Curriculum CD-ROM: For grades 5, 8 & 11.  Download online, or e-mail your land address to to have it mailed.

The classroom curriculum guide is endorsed by The History Channel, which helped develop this effective tool for educators.  According to Dr. Libby O'Connell, Chief Historian of The History Channel, the CWPT Civil War curriculum guide is "the best two-week curriculum on the Civil War available to teachers today."  Dr. O'Connell notes that the guide is part of The History Channel's ongoing partnership with CWPT to encourage students and teachers alike to learn more about our nation's unique Civil War heritage.

**Classroom Membership:
Contains the monthly classroom newsletter and quarterly Hallowed Ground magazine, a packet of classroom materials, curriculum CD-ROM & book of Civil War trivia.  To sponsor a classroom, obtain an application, or view a newsletter - contact

**Civil War Preservation Trust Education Web Site ==>

**Poster & Essay Competition:
Both the top students and their teachers are rewarded! Deadline:  May 15, 2009.  Learn more at or by emailing

**Adopt a Battlefield:
Save battlefields while teaching about their history! Site packs include Antietam, Appomattox, Fredericksburg, Trevilian Station, Perryville, Peninsula Campaign, Harpers Ferry, and First Day at Chancellorsville.  Please send a computer data CD to the address at the end of this newsletter.  Or email

**Traveling Trunk:
Rent one for the 2008/2009 school year, and access hands-on items, books, music and visuals. Email

**Civil War Preservation Trust book catalog at LibraryThing ==>


==>Trivia Answers:

*==> A.  Lt. Gen. James Longstreet, according to William Garrett Piston in “Lee’s Tarnished Lieutenant: James Longstreet and His Place in Southern History”.  By adding earthen walls that were perpendicular to the main trench wall, men could be placed in “compartments” which would protect them from artillery shrapnel and/ or enfilading fire.

*==> B.  Traditional gunfire hits the enemy head-on.  But according to Merriam-Webster, enfilading gunfire is “directed from a flanking position along the length of an enemy battle line”.  In other words, it hits the enemy from the side.  See

*==> C.  The “Lost Cause Theory” holds that the Confederacy failed because it was overwhelmed by Union numbers and force, not by military skill.  Also, the cause of the Confederacy was unerringly noble, and its leaders were untarnished examples of high moral character and chivalry.

Jubal Early was a leading promoter of the “Lost Cause”, and he worked tirelessly to elevate Robert E. Lee to almost Biblical proportions – at the expense of James Longstreet.  

According to one source, “In terms of Lee's subordinates, the key villain in Jubal Early's view was Lt. Gen. James Longstreet. Early's writings place the Confederate defeat at Gettysburg squarely on Longstreet's shoulders, accusing him of failing to attack early in the morning of July 2, 1863, as instructed by Lee. In fact, however, Lee never expressed dissatisfaction with the second-day actions of his "Old War Horse." Longstreet was widely disparaged by Southern veterans because of his post-war cooperation with President Ulysses S. Grant and for joining the Republican Party. Ironically, Grant's acceptance of the Lost Cause, which derived from his unwillingness to reopen the arguments that had led to the war in the first place, may have significantly contributed to the movement's lasting popularity and influence.”

==> *D.  According to Clifford Linedecker, “This humiliating nickname dogged Lt. Col. Robert Johnstone for the rest of his military career after he fled in his undershirt and hid under an outhouse to avoid capture by CS ranger John Singleton Mosby in Fairfax Court House, VA.”

==> *E. Turkey. 


Jennifer Rosenberry
Education Coordinator Civil War Preservation Trust
11 Public Square, Suite 200
Hagerstown, MD 21740

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