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Civil War Trust

July 18, 2008

Fort Wagner, Photo Contest

Civil War Preservation Trust Teacher Newsletter

The Civil War Preservation Trust (CWPT) is America's largest non-profit organization (501-C3) devoted to the preservation of our nation's endangered Civil War battlefields. CWPT's Education Department promotes Civil War battlefield preservation by encouraging the study of the war's timeless lessons, provoking thought about the vital roles these battlefields play in our nation's history.


1. This Day in History:
   Second Attack on Fort Wagner:  July 18 - September 7, 1863

2. Great Web Sites

3. Civil War Photography Competition

4. Trivia

5. Selected CWPT Education Programs


1. This Day in History:

Fort Wagner/Morris Island:  July 18 – September 7, 1863
Other Names: Second Assault, Morris Island

Campaign: Operations against Defenses of Charleston (1863)

Maj. Gen. Quincy Gillmore [US];
Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard [CS]

Forces Engaged: US 5,000; CS 1,800
Estimated Casualties: US 1,515; CS 174

Confederate Victory

According to the American Battlefield Protection Program,

“After the July 11 assault on Fort Wagner failed, Gillmore reinforced his beachhead on Morris Island. At dusk July 18, Gillmore launched an attack spearheaded by the 54th Massachusetts Infantry, a black regiment. The unit’s colonel, Robert Gould Shaw, was killed. Members of the brigade scaled the parapet but after brutal hand-to-hand combat were driven out with heavy casualties. The Federals resorted to siege operations to reduce the fort. This was the fourth time in the war that black troops played a crucial combat role, proving to skeptics that they would fight bravely if only given the chance.”


"Glory" - goofs vs. “not goofs”.


2. Great Web Sites:
Students Preserving Battlefields
“A National Treasure Preserved”
Voices of Morris Island
The Gallant Charge of the 54th Massachusetts
Lone Jack Civil War Battlefield
Ohio in the Civil War


3.  Civil War Photography Competition 
CWPT is teaming up with “History” and the “Center for Civil War Photography” (CCWP) to showcase modern images of sites associated with the Civil War as well as encourage closer study of the many images taken during the conflict. 

Amateur photographers may send Civil War-related photos in four different categories:  (1) Civil War Battlefields, showcasing their solemn and scenic landscapes; (2) People on Civil War Battlefields, focusing on visitors enjoying their time on the battlefield; (3) Preservation Threats, illustrating the threats faced by Civil War battlefields and related historic sites; and (4) Then and Now, contrasting early images of battlefields with the same sites today.

All submissions to the contest must be uploaded to the CWPT site at  Photos must be tagged to ensure their consideration in the correct category & participants must be amateur photographers and at least 13 years old. 

Entries must be sent by August 31, 2008.  For complete rules and instructions, visit


4. Trivia

A.  In 1866, how much of Mississippi’s revenue was spent on artificial limbs?

B.  Which highly famous politician helped use his influence to help James Longstreet gain an appointment to West Point? 

C.  Which future Confederate General “served as the best man at the wedding of U.S. Grant and attended McClellan's marriage to Miss Ellen Marcy after McClellan won her hand away from A.P. Hill”?

D.  Who was “Hero”?

E.  What was the mascot of Cobb’s Georgia troops?



5.  Selected CWPT Education Programs

**Teacher Institute:
Hagerstown, MD: July 25-27, 2008. Teachers will visit Antietam or Harpers Ferry on Saturday, as well as attend classes on Friday and Sunday. More details at

**Two-Week Civil War Curriculum CD-ROM: For grades 5, 8 & 11.  Download online, or send your land address to

The classroom curriculum guide is endorsed by History (The History Channel), which helped develop this effective tool for educators.  According to Dr. Libby O'Connell, Chief Historian at History, the CWPT Civil War curriculum guide is "the best two-week curriculum on the Civil War available to teachers today."  Dr. O'Connell notes that the guide is part of History’s ongoing partnership with CWPT to encourage students and teachers alike to learn more about our nation's unique Civil War heritage.

**Classroom Membership:
Monthly “Civil War Classroom” and quarterly “Hallowed Ground” magazine, classroom materials, curriculum CD-ROM & “It Happened in the Civil War”.  To sponsor a classroom, sign up, or review a newsletter - contact

**Civil War Preservation Trust Education Web Site

**Poster & Essay Competition:
Both the top students and their teachers are rewarded! Slogan for 2008/2009:  “It’s Our Turn! Fight to Save Civil War Battlefields”.  Deadline:  May 15, 2009.  Learn more at or by emailing

**Adopt a Battlefield:
Save battlefields while teaching about their history! Site packs include Antietam, Appomattox, Fredericksburg, Trevilian Station, Perryville, Peninsula Campaign, Harpers Ferry, and First Day at Chancellorsville.  Please send a recordable computer data CD to the address at the end of this newsletter.

**Traveling Trunk:
Rent one for the 2008/2009 school year, and access hands-on items, books, music and visuals.

**Civil War Preservation Trust book list at LibraryThing


Trivia Answers:

A.  One fifth, per Connelly and Bellows in “God and General Longstreet:  The Lost Cause and the Southern Mind”.  

B.  John C. Calhoun. See

C.  Cadmus Wilcox.

D.  James Longstreet’s favorite horse.  Here are some more famous and/or favorite horses:

E.  A rooster who was trained to crow on command.  For more Civil War mascots, see  Midway down the page you’ll see “Sallie” of the 11th Pennsylvania.  She’s on their monument at Oak Ridge, Gettysburg:


Jennifer Rosenberry
Education Coordinator
Civil War Preservation Trust
11 Public Square, Suite 200
Hagerstown, MD 21740 301.665.1400


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