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Civil War Trust

January 15 2008 Teacher Newsletter


Civil War Preservation Trust Teacher Update

The Civil War Preservation Trust is America's largest non-profit organization (501-C3) devoted to the preservation of our nation's endangered Civil War battlefields. The Trust also promotes educational programs and heritage tourism initiatives to inform the public of the war’s history and the fundamental conflicts that sparked it.


1. This Day in History
     January 16, 1861:  Crittenden Compromise Killed in the US Senate
     January 16, 1865:  Federals Assault and Capture Fort Fisher, NC  

2. Great Web Sites

3. CWPT Summer Teacher Institute Update

4. Events

5. Trivia

6. Selected CWPT Education Programs


1. This Day in History:  
     January 16, 1861:  Crittenden Compromise Defeated in the US Senate
     January 15, 1865:  Federals Assault and Capture Fort Fisher, NC  

Source:  Civil War Day By Day – E. B. Long

**January 16, 1861:  Crittenden Compromise (Page 27)

“The Crittenden Compromise was effectually killed in the US Senate.  The Senate adopted a resolution that the Constitution “needs to be obeyed rather than amended.”  Six Southern senators who refused to vote and the votes of Republicans defeated Crittenden once more.  For most of the month the Senate had been debating compromise in general with many fine words, many ideas, and some heat, but no working conclusion had been reached.”

The text of the Crittenden Compromise, from Teaching American History

**January 15, 1865:  Fort Fisher, NC (Pages 624-625)

According to the American Battlefield Protection Program,
“After the failure of his December expedition against Fort Fisher, Maj. Gen. Benjamin Butler was relieved of command.  Maj. Gen. Alfred Terry was placed in command of a “Provisional Corps,” including Paine's Division of U.S. Colored Troops, and supported by a naval force of nearly 60 vessels, to renew operations against the fort. After a preliminary bombardment directed by Rear Adm. David D. Porter on January 13, Union forces landed and prepared an attack on Maj. Gen. Robert Hoke's infantry line. On the 15th, a select force moved on the fort from the rear. A valiant attack late in the afternoon, following the bloody repulse of a naval landing party carried the parapet. The Confederate garrison surrendered, opening the way for a Federal thrust against Wilmington, the South's last open seaport on the Atlantic coast.”

E.B. Long adds that “Wilmington was cut off as a blockade-running port and it had been the last major access point for the South.  While Wilmington itself remained in Confederate hands, it was now of little importance.” (Page 625)

Information about Blockade-Running, and researching blockade-runners, from the National Archives.

Civil War history and sites near Cape Fear.


2. Great Web Sites

Secession Era Editorials Project.  Thanks to Terry Levering for sharing this one! 

According to the site, “Few Americans were more involved with the coming of the Civil War than the newspaper editors whose words have been collected here. Circulation-hungry and fiercely devoted to the political parties that sustained them, these writers were passionate and nearly inflexible in their views. The editorials they wrote remind us that the people of the era experienced events not with the comprehensive hindsight and revealed secrets of the historian but rather through the disconnected and opinionated fragments supplied by these journalists. … We selected three of the events for this project (the Nebraska bill debates, Dred Scott, and John Brown's Raid on Harper's Ferry) because of their universal prominence in historical writing. A fourth incident, the attack on Massachusetts Senator Charles Sumner by South Carolina representative Preston Brooks, was included because of special importance to South Carolina history and because of the ways that the Sumner incident shocked politics in the Northern states away from Know-Nothingism, the so-called "immigrant question," and liquor prohibition to a new emphasis on slavery and sectionalism. … When complete the project will have at least one complete run of editorials from each major political party in each state of the Union. There will also be text search and text analysis capabilities, vocabulary mapping, and statistical tools for placing the editorials into their analytical context.”

Craig’s Civil War Glossary.  Humor for the hard-core Civil War buff!

Casualty list for the 54th Massachusetts.

Isaac Burgauer, who died of wounds received at Gettysburg and was buried in the Old Jewish Cemetery in Chambersburg, PA.  “The Hebrew inscription [on his headstone] makes a point of calling the deceased "a beloved one": While he was a stranger to those who buried him, he certainly left behind a bereaved family somewhere…Isaac Burgauer is the only Confederate soldier known to be buried in a Jewish cemetery in a Union state.”

Animations of several key battles.


3.  CWPT Summer Teacher Institute Update

CWPT's seventh Teacher Institute will take place in Hagerstown, MD, on July 25-27. The focus will be Antietam and Harpers Ferry. We hope you will join us for another exciting and energy-charged program! 

Classroom sessions include civilian, military, teaching and informational topics.  Rather than attend lectures, you will gain practical information, techniques and topics to use in the classroom.  In addition, battlefield visits are “field trips”, not “battlefield tours”.

You’ll meet teachers from across the country and share ideas!  You will also receive a resource book as a valuable resource for you and your school.

Classroom sessions are offered on Friday and Sunday; on Saturday, you may visit either Antietam or Harpers Ferry.  Attendees will have pre-registered for their choice of classes and their field trip. 

You are encouraged to register now to save your spot at the program.  Class pre-registration will be offered soon.

Continuing Education Units may also be obtained through Virginia Tech.  This option is offered by pre-registration only.  

Registration forms are available at

The hotel will be the Sheraton Four Points, Hagerstown:

Sheraton Four Points Hagerstown
1910 Dual Highway
Hagerstown, MD 21740
(301) 790-3010
Room rate will be $75/night.  Teachers *must* mention *“CWPT Teacher Institute”* to get the event rate.  Parking is free.

There is a $50 deposit that is refunded upon completion of the program. 

For more information, email


4. Events

==> American Civil War Center
500 Tredegar Street * Richmond, VA  23219

     **The Fox & the Statue: Portrayals of Robert E. Lee, 1865-2008
     Saturday, January 19 at 2pm.
     Was Robert E. Lee one of the great captains of American history or a bumbling practitioner of old-fashioned warfare? Join American Civil War Center educator, Jimmy Price, as he surveys the writings of authors who both deified and vilified the military career of the Confederacy's most renowned general.

     **Liberty's Father: George Washington and the American Civil War
     Sunday, February 10 at 1pm

     By the early 19th century, George Washington had achieved iconic status in the United States as a soldier, statesman, and politician.  Heralded as a hero in the fight for independence during the American Revolution, Washington became a symbol of freedom for both Union and Confederate causes during the Civil War.  Using images and personal accounts from the Civil War era, this 30-minute program will explore how Washington's legacy was embraced by North and South to promote their respective visions of liberty.

     **Liberty's Son: The Presidential Legacy of Lincoln              
     Saturday, February 10 at 3pm

     Hero or tyrant?  Savior of the Union or slayer of states' rights?  Join American Civil War Center educator, Jimmy Price, for a revealing look at how authors and historians have viewed our nation's 16th president.


==>Fort Donelson National Battlefield Celebrates 146th Anniversary

     All programs are free and open to the public.
    (931) 232-5706 X 101 or

     **Generals Grant and Buckner Discuss the Battle
     Saturday, February 16 at 10:00 AM and 2:00 PM

     Come by the Fort Donelson visitor center to watch Generals Grant and Buckner re-enact the surrender scene.  The Generals will re-enact the meeting aboard the U.S.S. New Uncle Sam. 

     **Fort Donelson Surrenders
     February 17 at 1:30 PM, Dover Hotel (Tour Stop #10)
     Witness a re-creation of the February 1862 surrender.

     **Civil War Encampment
     February 16 from 10:00 AM until 4:00 PM
     Visit with members of the 50th TN Infantry Regiment (CSA) as they portray camp and soldier life during the 1862 Battle for Fort Donelson. This unit actually served at Fort Donelson during the battle. The unit will demonstrate military training, clothing and equipment.

     **Civil War Encampment
     Saturday March 1 from 10:00 AM to 4:00 PM and
     Sunday March 2 from 10:00 AM to 2:00 PM.   
          Visit with members of the 9th Kentucky Infantry (USA) as they portray Civil War camp life, military drill and training.  Musket firings demonstrations will be conducted at 1:00 p.m. and 2:00 p.m. each day.

**Encampments may be canceled by inclement weather.

     **Junior Ranger Programs
     Fort Donelson National Battlefield encourages children to become a part of the National Park family by allowing them to explore the park, complete activities in the Junior Ranger Handbook and attend a Ranger program, then receive a park badge and certificate. Program materials will be supplied by the park. Parents or guardians are required to accompany children to the programs. For more information about these events, contact the staff at Fort Donelson National Battlefield at 931-232-5706 x 104.

==>Two perspectives on the Emancipation Proclamation
     **Annenberg Center for Education and Outreach
     Tuesday, Feb. 26, 2008 * 6:30 p.m.

     Harold Holzer, co-chair of the National Lincoln Bicentennial Commission and a leading authority on Lincoln and 19th Century iconography. (
     Robert Engs, Professor of History at UPENN and leading authority on the politics of the Civil War and African American history. 
     This conversation will be moderated by Matthew Pinsker, Associate Professor of History at Dickinson College, who was appointed by Governor Rendell to the Pennsylvania Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission.  The program will be followed by a book signing by the presenters.
     In collaboration with the Philadelphia Civil War History Consortium, the event is hosted by the National Constitution Center as part of its commemoration of the bicentennial of the end of the Atlantic Slave Trade (1808) and as a kick off for the Lincoln Bicentennial in 2009.  
     Registration is required due to limited seating.  For more information and registration visit:

==> Opening of President Lincoln’s Cottage at the Soldier’s Home

      **The Lincoln Cottage – located at Armed Forces
        Retirement Home Campus
        February 19, 2008

     After a $15 million restoration by the National Trust for Historic Preservation, President Lincoln's Cottage at the Soldiers' Home will be open to the public for the first time on February 19, 2008. The Robert H. Smith Visitor Education Center, adjacent to the Cottage, will feature related exhibits exploring the history of the Soldiers' Home, wartime Washington, DC, Lincoln as Commander-in-Chief and a special exhibit gallery.

     Located on a picturesque hilltop in Washington, DC, President Lincoln's Cottage is the most significant historic site directly associated with Lincoln's presidency aside from the White House. During the Civil War, President Lincoln and his family resided here from June to November of 1862, 1863 and 1864.  All totaled, Lincoln lived here for a quarter of his presidency.    Visit


5. Trivia

A. What were the first three states to secede from the Union?

B. What (small) battle occurred on February 21, 1862, between the forces of CS Brig. Gen. H. H. Sibley and US Col. E. R. S. Canby? 

C. At which battle did CS Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest reportedly say, “Charge them both ways!”?

D. What important proclamation did Abraham Lincoln sign on September 24, 1862?

E. On January 11, 1865, the Missouri Constitutional Convention adopted what important ordinance?


Answers at Bottom


6.  Selected CWPT Education Programs 

**Teacher Institute:
Hagerstown, MD: July 25-27, 2008. Teachers will visit Antietam or Harpers Ferry on Saturday, as well as attend classes on Friday and Sunday. To register, contact The application is online at

**Two-Week Civil War Curriculum CD-ROM: For grades 5, 8 & 11.  Download online, or e-mail your land address to to have it mailed.

The classroom curriculum guide is endorsed by The History Channel, which helped develop this effective tool for educators.  According to Dr. Libby O’Connell, Chief Historian of The History Channel, the CWPT Civil War curriculum guide is “the best two-week curriculum on the Civil War available to teachers today.”  Dr. O’Connell notes that the guide is part of The History Channel’s ongoing partnership with CWPT to encourage students and teachers alike to learn more about our nation’s unique Civil War heritage.

**Classroom Membership:
Contains the monthly classroom newsletter and quarterly Hallowed Ground magazine, a packet of classroom materials, curriculum CD-ROM & book of Civil War trivia.  To sponsor a classroom, obtain an application, or view a newsletter - contact

**Civil War Preservation Trust Education Web Site

**Poster & Essay Competition:
Both the top students and their teachers are rewarded! Deadline:  May 15, 2008.  Learn more at

**Adopt a Battlefield:
Save battlefields while teaching about their history! Site packs include Antietam, Appomattox, Fredericksburg, Trevilian Station, Perryville, Peninsula Campaign and Harpers Ferry.   Email for more details.  Contact for information on Third Winchester, Chancellorsville and Glendale.

**Traveling Trunk:
Rent one for the 2008/2009 school year, and access hands-on items, books, music and visuals. Email

**Battlefields as Outdoor Classrooms:
==> Contact for more information.

**Civil War Preservation Trust book catalog at LibraryThing


==> Trivia Answers:

*A.  They were South Carolina (December 20, 1860), Mississippi (January 9, 1861), and Florida (January 10, 1861).  To read their ordinances of secession, see:

*B.  The “engagement” at Valverde, New Mexico Territory.  The Federals lost. 

*C.  Parker’s Crossroads, TN.  See
==> and

*D.  He signed the Proclamation Suspending the Writ of Habeas Corpus.  Read the text at:
See a critical thinking exercise at the Library of Congress at:

*E.  They adopted an ordinance abolishing slavery. 
Chronology of Emancipation During the Civil War


Jennifer Rosenberry * Education Coordinator
Civil War Preservation Trust
11 Public Square, Suite 200 * Hagerstown, MD 21740
301.665.1400 *



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