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Civil War Trust

February 2, 2007

Hundred Pines, Events, Save Our History Grants, A Wilson Greene Scholarship

Civil War Preservation Trust Teacher Newsletter

Did you know that we have permanently protected 1,329 acres of hallowed ground at 16 different Civil War battlefields in nine states?  Overall, CWPT has protected 23,652 acres of core battlefield at 96 sites in 18 states.  To learn more, visit

This issue contains:




To contact me, e-mail



The History Channel is proud to announce the launch of the 2007-2008 Grant Program.  This year, The History Channel will award $250,000 in grants of up to $10,000 to historical organizations to fund hands-on, experiential educational projects that teach students about their local history and actively engage them in its preservation.  History museums, historical societies, preservation organizations, historic sites, libraries, archives, government agencies, and other historical organizations are eligible to apply.

The deadline for submitting an application for the 2007-2008 grant cycle is Friday, June 1st, 2007.  For guidelines and criteria, important dates, and to apply, please visit  
Apply for a Save Our History Grant and help inspire the youth in your community to become the preservationists of tomorrow!



Visit Pamplin Park with your students – or, have Pamplin Park visit YOU!

CWPT presents the A. Wilson Greene Scholarship, generously funded by Robert B. Pamplin, Jr. to help teachers take their students to one of the most significant historic sites in Pamplin Historical Park & National Museum of the Civil War Soldier in Dinwiddie County, Virginia.  In addition, the scholarship enables Pamplin Historical Park’s highly skilled educators to take innovative, hands-on educational programs to the schools.

Each year, teachers and their students compete to earn either a $1,000 A. Wilson Greene Scholarship to be used for a field trip to Pamplin Historical Park, or up to $500 for a hands-on educational outreach program at their school.

For more information, please e-mail and request an application.  For more information about Pamplin Historical Park and National Museum of the Civil War Soldier, call 877-PAMPLIN or visit



NEH LANDMARKS WORKSHOP: July 8-13 and July 22-27, 2007
Katherine Malone-France announces an NEH Landmarks teacher workshop being held this summer that focuses on the experiences of African Americans in Washington, DC from the founding of the city through legal desegregation.  The workshop is entitled Race and Place: African Americans in Washington, DC from 1800-1954 and it will allow K-12 educators to study the relationship between race and place in the nation's capital by exploring landmark historic sites, participating in lecture and discussion sessions with nationally-known scholars, and developing curriculum projects with our resident Master Teacher.  A summary of the workshop follows and you get more details on the project website at

Saturday, February 10, 2007 at 2 PM
From the National Museum of Civil War Medicine:  “In celebration of African-American history month, the NMCWM will host a lecture program by Dr. Robert Slawson, author of “Prologue to Change: African Americans in Medicine in the Civil War Era”.  His extensive research and publication earned Dr. Slawson a 2006 Maryland African American Heritage Preservation Conference award from the Lincoln Park Historical Foundation for his contributions to this oft-neglected area of our Civil War history.  Join us as Dr. Slawson highlights some of the surgeons and their work included in his recently published book.”


Civil War Preservation Trust Summer Teacher Institute – July 20-22, 2007 -- Chattanooga, TN
Stones River National Battlefield, TN.  Also includes a link to their symposium, history of the battlefield, burial search, etc.
Western Maryland Historical Library.  Includes…
75th anniversary, Battle of Antietam, 1937 -- President Franklin Delano Roosevelt attended the re-enactment at the Antietam battlefield on September 17, 1937.  Hagerstown held events including pageants, parades, and an exhibition of county industry and agriculture.  You can see the official “program” for the anniversary. 

Civil War Veterans, 1937 -- In 1937, in preparation for the 75th anniversary of the Battle of Antietam, the organizers of the National Antietam Commemoration sent a questionnaire to all known living veterans of the Civil War. It was believed that only one hundred veterans of Antietam were still alive, so the letter was sent to all veterans, not just those who had been at Sharpsburg. The former soldiers and sailors were invited to attend the re-enactment of the battle, and asked to name the unit they had served with during the war. A number of the responses have survived, along with photographs that veterans sent.

Battle of Antietam - Herald of Freedom and Torch Light, September 1862 -- This Hagerstown newspaper describes the Battle of Antietam and South Mountain, and the devastation in the county as a result of the fighting.
Battle of Hunterstown
Fort Macon Civil War Round Table – has an excellent e-mail newsletter!  You can also view the Dispatch online.
Civil War Maps, from the Library of Congress
Tennessee Civil War Sourcebook



"Battle of the Hundred Pines":  The Real First Black Infantry Regiment Made History in Nassau County, By Peg Davis
 01/12/2007 -- Fernandina Beach News Leader (FL)

Olustee. Natural Bridge. St. Johns Bluff. Civil War historians are well acquainted with the names of the battles that took place in North Florida. Nassau County's own role in the Civil War also seems fairly well documented: from the continuous construction of Fort Clinch, to the raising of local volunteers for both sides, to the blockade and occupation of Fernandina.

So when my brother Clyde recently told me about another Civil War battle that not only took place near our old family homestead near Yulee but involved the actual, first black infantry regiment in the U.S. Army instead of the one depicted in the movie "Glory," I was naturally curious to find out more. It's called the Battle of the Hundred Pines.

Nassau County's sturdy heart-pine lumber and sinewy "piney woods" cattle were prized commodities for both sides during the Civil War, and after Union troops captured Fernandina in March 1862 they began foraging raids up the St. Mary’s River, going as far northwest as "the Brickyard," Woodstock Mills and Kings Ferry.

Union troops may have had second thoughts about raids up the St. Mary’s after they became aware of a large quantity of logs the Davis family put behind a boom at Kings Creek. Cutting the boom and releasing the logs would prevent any boat from retreating, "so it was effective enough to preserve the Davis lumber and mill throughout the war," Clyde said.

Another reason the Union soldiers had trouble venturing further upriver was "Company K" of the Second Florida Volunteer Cavalry, a "home guard" unit positioned at Camp Cooper, near the forks of McQueen and Lofton swamps north of Yulee. Camp Cooper was established after Fernandina fell to Union troops.

Early on the morning of Jan. 26, 1863, while the 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment famously depicted in the movie "Glory" was still being trained, Company K engaged an expeditionary force of the First South Carolina Volunteers, and the "real" first black regiment in U.S. Army history found itself in its "first stand-up fight," according to its commander, Maj. Thomas Wentworth Higginson.

Higginson, an abolitionist and Unitarian minister, was also a prolific writer. After the war Higginson detailed his experience leading the unit in a book entitled Army Life in a Black Regiment.

To read the whole article, visit
To Read Higginson’s book, visit



A.  What do (US) Brig. Gen. Josiah Gorgas, Brig. Gen Johnson Duncan, Brig. Gen. William McComb, Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton, and Col. Herman Haupt have in common?

B.  Massachusetts Gov. John Albion Andrew is famous for having raised what famous regiment?
Source, A-B:  Webb Garrison’s Civil War Trivia and Fact Book

C.  Who is this 1861 New York newspaper article referring to? 
“Col. arrived in this city on Thursday of last week. On Friday he called together a number of the principal men of the department. On Saturday he selected his officers. On Sunday he mustered one thousand men. On Monday he drilled them. On Tuesday inspected them. On Wednesday commenced giving them clothes. On Thursday had them in quarters, and yesterday, (Friday), he was ready in waiting for supplies. To day he will receive them, and to-morrow march through the city escorted by the whole Fire Department on board the steamer Baltic direct for the seat of war.  Who can now say that the New York firemen lack patriotism?”

D.   Kelly, Poe, Brotherton and Snodgrass are the names of farms associated with what famous battle?

E.  At what battle were most of the Union soldiers “90 day recruits”?




Feel free to pass this information along to fellow teachers. If you need more information, don't hesitate to contact me at


TEACHER INSTITUTE: Save the date - Chattanooga, TN: July 20-22, 2007.  Our event site will be the Sheraton Read House, and we will visit sites in the Chickamauga/Chattanooga area.  For more information, visit

CURRICULUM CD-ROM: Download at the link below, or e-mail to get a free copy.

Receive the monthly classroom newsletter and quarterly Hallowed Ground magazine. You also receive a packet of classroom materials, curriculum CD-ROM & "Pilgrim Places: Civil War Battlefields, Historic Preservation & America's First National Military Parks ". To sponsor a classroom - or receive an application to give to a potential sponsor - please contact me.  You may also request a sample newsletter!




ADOPT A BATTLEFIELD: Your classroom can save battlefields while learning about their history! Contact me for background information on the program in general and for a preview of contents.  Our featured sites include Fredericksburg and Trevilian Station.

TRAVELING TRUNK: For the 2007/2008 school year, rent a trunk of hands-on materials and teaching tools to help your Civil War unit. February, March, April and May book extremely quickly.

A. WILSON GREENE SCHOLARSHIP - compete to earn money towards a field trip to Pamplin Historical Park and National Museum of the Civil War Soldier (Petersburg, VA) – or have them visit your school. E-mail for details.

For English/Reading class in primary/middle grades - sentence order activity

ON-THE-ROAD SIGHTINGS!  CWPT will be at the NCHE conference in Williamsburg, March 2007.  Look for us there!
Happy New Year!  Till next time, take care and stay in touch.


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A.    They are all Pennsylvanians who served the Confederacy.

B.     The 54th Massachusetts. 

C.    This is written about Col. Elmer Ellsworth and the 11th New York Infantry – also known as the First Fire Zouaves and Ellsworth’s Zouaves.  Read more at

D.  Chickamauga, GA. 

E.   First Bull Run. 


Jennifer Rosenberry
Education Coordinator
Civil War Preservation Trust
11 Public Square, Suite 200
Hagerstown, MD 21740


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