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Civil War Trust

Civil War Primer: April 14, 2008

April 14 & 15 in the War, Poster & Essay Contest, Teacher Institute, Gettysburg Museum to Open

 

Civil War Preservation Trust Teacher Newsletter
 
The Civil War Preservation Trust is America's largest non-profit organization (501-C3) devoted to the preservation of our nation's endangered Civil War battlefields. The Trust also promotes educational programs and heritage tourism initiatives to inform the public of the war’s history and the fundamental conflicts that sparked it.
 
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1.  POSTER AND ESSAY CONTEST DEADLINE APPROACHING
Since many of you are studying – or will be studying – the Civil War this spring … why not use this project to complement your unit of study?

2.  ON THIS DATE:  APRIL 14 AND 15 DURING THE CIVIL WAR
 
3.  GREAT WEB SITES

4.  TRIVIA

5.  CIVIL WAR PRESERVATION TRUST SUMMER TEACHER INSTITUTE  
July 25-27, 2008 * Hagerstown, MD
Work on your professional development requirements this summer

6.  GETTYSBURG MUSEUM TO OPEN

7.  SELECTED CWPT EDUCATION PROGRAMS

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1.  POSTER AND ESSAY CONTEST: DEADLINE APPROACHING
 
2008 Poster and Essay Contest: PRESERVE THE SPIRIT OF HISTORY
 
Imagine you are in a town meeting between a developer and a Civil War battlefield community.  Why should the community fight to keep its Civil War site from becoming a housing development?  How will saving the battlefield benefit the community and future generations?  Why does Civil War battlefield preservation make us better people?

The 2008 slogan is PRESERVE THE SPIRIT OF HISTORY.  Use this slogan in your poster or essay.  Remind Americans that Civil War battlefields are endangered national treasure – and remind us how to get involved!

CONTEST LEVELS:

POSTERS:
Elementary, for students in grades 4, 5, and 6 Junior, for students in grades 7, 8, and 9 Senior, for students in grades 10, 11, and 12
 
ESSAYS:
Junior, for students in grades 7, 8, and 9 Senior, for students in grades 10, 11, and 12
 
PRIZES:
First -- $200
Second -- $100
Third - $50
Students receive money; teachers win gift certificates in equivalent amounts.  Prizes have been donated graciously by The History Channel! 

DEADLINE: All entries must be received in our office by May 15, 2008.

RULES: Students may enter either the poster contest or the essay contest in their age group, but not both. (Note: there is no elementary essay contest.)  There is no group entry category – one student per essay or poster.  Each entry must be labeled with the following information:

*TEACHER NAME
*SCHOOL NAME
*SCHOOL ADDRESS
*SCHOOL CITY, STATE, ZIP
*SCHOOL PHONE
*TEACHER EMAIL
(Teachers who do not want to provide emails on the back of each entry can send it via separate letter.  This is to be sure I can contact you quickly if necessary.) *STUDENT NAME:
*STUDENT GRADE:
*STUDENT PHONE or EMAIL (if permitted by school; to be used ONLY to contact winners)

POSTERS will be judged for creativity, quality of artwork, visual impact, and strength of message.
 
*May not be larger than 14" by 22"
*May be made with markers, crayons, paint, paper cutouts, pen and ink, or any other media that will not smear and will leave the finished poster flat and easy to handle.
*May not use copyrighted materials such as comics, TV characters, professional photographs, etc.  The use of Internet pictures is not preferable.  The poster should consist primarily of student artwork, not pictures.
 
ESSAYS will be judged for creativity, persuasive quality, clarity, and strength of message.

*Must be approximately 300 words long.
*Must use proper grammar and spelling and consist primarily of the student's own words.
*All quotations from diaries and texts must be properly cited.
*Preservation of Civil War battlefields is the main idea to be expressed.
 
Entries will not be returned and become the property of CWPT. Entrants will be notified of contest results in June of 2008.

Mail Entries To:

CWPT Poster and Essay Contest
Civil War Preservation Trust
11 Public Square, Suite 200
Hagerstown, MD 21740
 
Need More Information? Call 1-888-606-1400 or email jrosenberry@civilwar.org.

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2.  ON THIS DATE: APRIL 14 and 15 IN THE CIVIL WAR

April 14, 1861:  Official surrender of Ft. Sumter
    www.nps.gov/fosu
    www.archives.gov/historical-docs/todays-doc/index.html?dod-date=418 
    (image of telegram announcing surrender of fort) April 15, 1861:  Lincoln declares the existence of an
     “insurrection” and calls for 75,000 militia
    www.nps.gov/archive/jeff/lewisclark2/timelines/PostExpedition/1861to1870.htm 
    www.civilwarhome.com/lincolntroops.htm

April 15, 1862:  Federal victory at Picacho Pass, Arizona
    www.wtj.com/articles/picacho 
    www.militaryhistoryonline.com/civilwar/southwest/picacho.aspx

April 15, 1863:  the CSS Alabama took two US ships off
     the island of Fernando de Noronha, Brazil
    www.history.navy.mil/library/online/cssalabama.htm

April 14, 1865:  While watching “Our American Cousin”
     at Ford’s Theater, Abraham Lincoln was shot by
     John Wilkes Booth
    www.lincoln200.gov/lincolns-life/bio/assassination/default.aspx

April 15, 1865:  Death of Abraham Lincoln
    http://members.aol.com/RVSNorton/Lincoln.html 
    (Abraham Lincoln Research Site)

Source:  Civil War Day By Day, E.B. Long

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3.  GREAT WEB SITES

www.civilwar.org/historyctandclassrm.htm
The updated History Center and Classroom page from Civil War Preservation Trust! 

www.civilwar.org
Animated map of the First Day of Chancellorsville, How YOU can help save Brandy Station, and the top photographs submitted by our members!

www.stonewallbrigade.com/rebel_yell.wav
Gettysburg veterans demonstrating the yell at the 75th Anniversary

www.stonewallbrigade.com/articles_rebelyell.html
The Rebel Yell: "The Pibroch of Southern Fealty" by Monte Akers

www.26nc.org/History/Rebel-Yell/rebel-yell.html
Rebel Yell from Pvt. Thomas N. Alexander of the 37th North Carolina

www.aaslh.org
American Association of State and Local History

www.civilwar.org/historyclassroom/hc_chickpoem.htm
“On the Slain at Chickamauga” by Herman Melville. 
Other literature and articles at www.civilwar.org/historyclassroom/hc_histarticles.htm

www.common-place.org/vol-08/no-03/arenson/
Freeing Dred Scott

www.kentucky.com/779/story/365954.html
Perryville rejects subdivision zoning near battlefield

www.gilderlehrman.org/collection/online/gettysburg/
“I take up my pen to write” – online exhibition

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4.  TRIVIA
 
A. Which battle caused Robert E. Lee to be known as “Granny Lee”?

B. What was Ulysses S. Grant’s first Civil War battle?

C. What terrorist plot failed on November 25, 1864?

D. From which document is this quote taken?

     “…I hereby enjoin upon the people so
     declared to be free, to abstain from all
     violence, unless in necessary self-defense,
     and I recommend to them, that in all cases,
     when allowed, they labor faithfully for
     reasonable wages.   And I further declare and
     make known that such persons of suitable
     condition will be received into the armed
     service of the United States to garrison forts,
     positions, stations, and other places, and man
     vessels of all sorts in said service.”

E. Which “guerilla” leader was imprisoned before the war for “shooting a man unlawfully in defense of a woman’s good name” – then later studied law under his former prosecutor and opened his own practice?! 

TRIVIA ANSWERS
 
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5. CIVIL WAR PRESERVATION TRUST SUMMER TEACHER INSTITUTE

July 25-27, 2008 * Hagerstown, MD
Work on your professional development requirements this summer!
 
***Friday:  (choice of two workshops by pre-registration)
 
*Civil War Lost and Found: An Antietam Soldier’s Diary
*Civil War Service Records as Primary Source
*Organizing a Youth Re-enactment Program
*Teaching the Civil War with Technology
*Creating a Civil War Sesquicentennial Commemoration Event
 
***Saturday Field Trip: (choice of one field trip by pre-registration)
 
*Antietam
*Harpers Ferry
 
***Sunday: (choice of two workshops by pre-registration)
 
*Economic Issues in the Civil War
*Lincoln Assassination Murder Mystery
*Marie Tepe: Vivandiere – Women in the Civil War
*Teaching the Civil War to Elementary Students
*Creating a Student Living History Museum
 
Virginia Tech’s Center for Civil War Studies will be an active partner in the institute.  Dr. James I. “Bud” Robertson, director of the center, will be a keynote speaker at the institute.  Mr. Garry Adelman (Center for Civil War Photography) and Hari Jones (African American Civil War Museum) will participate in a Saturday evening panel discussion with Dr. Robertson. 

Through our partnership with Virginia Tech, CWPT is able to offer Continuing Education Unit credits to participating educators (request by pre-registration).
 
The CWPT Teacher Institute is provided at no direct cost to teachers, who have only to pay for their room and travel.  There is a $50 deposit that is refunded when teachers complete the entire program.
 
CWPT will be able to provide travel stipends for 10 teachers who would not otherwise be able to attend due to geographic or funding constraints. 
 
For more information or to receive a stipend application, e-mail info@civilwar.org
 
Registration forms and details on the CWPT Teacher Institute can also be found on the web at www.civilwar.org/historyctandclassrm.htm.
 
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6.  GETTYSBURG MUSEUM TO OPEN

$103 million Gettysburg museum ready to open A place where voices of the Civil War can be heard By Cindi Lash, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
 
04/13/2008
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (PA)
www.post-gazette.com/pg/08104/872899-85.stm#
 
GETTYSBURG, Pa. -- The tattered map and painstakingly lettered wooden tag tied to the toe of 19-year-old Lt. William Fisher that enabled his father to find his grave and body ...
 
The medical case carried by a physician who served at the first battle of the Civil War and, two years later, at the monumental clash that determined its outcome ...
 
The narrow camp cot and pigeonhole desk used by Gen. Robert E. Lee while he executed the doomed three-day assault on his Northern enemy ...
 
Each is a surviving, tangible testament to a soldier whose life intersected with thousands of others in July 1863 in this pastoral town near the Maryland border.
 
By weaving their stories with scores of others drawn from those who fought, died and witnessed at Gettysburg, planners of a new museum and visitors center aim to provide a more personal understanding of the battle's toll and inestimable impact on the nation's future.
 
Teeming with artifacts, archives, educational and research facilities and interactive exhibits that allow visitors to sample a Civil War soldier's life, the $103 million center opens tomorrow [April 14] at the Gettysburg National Military Park in Adams County.
 
Designed to resemble a Civil War-era red plank barn and stone farmhouse, the 139,000- square-foot complex nestles in a 100-acre glade adjacent to the battlefield.
 
Read the entire article www.post-gazette.com/pg/08104/872899-85.stm#.

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7. SELECTED CWPT EDUCATION PROGRAMS
 
**Two-Week Civil War Curriculum CD-ROM: For grades 5, 8 & 11. 
Download online, or e-mail your land address to jrosenberry@civilwar.org to have it mailed.
The classroom curriculum guide is endorsed by The History Channel, which helped develop this effective tool for educators.  According to Dr. Libby O’Connell, Chief Historian of The History Channel, the CWPT Civil War curriculum guide is “the best two-week curriculum on the Civil War available to teachers today.”  Dr. O’Connell notes that the guide is part of The History Channel’s ongoing partnership with CWPT to encourage students and teachers alike to learn more about our nation’s unique Civil War heritage.
www.civilwar.org/historyclassroom/hc_curriculum1.htm 
 
**Classroom Membership:
Contains the monthly classroom newsletter and quarterly Hallowed Ground magazine, a packet of classroom materials, curriculum CD-ROM & book of Civil War trivia.  To sponsor a classroom, obtain an application, or view a newsletter - contact jrosenberry@civilwar.org.
www.civilwar.org/historyclassroom/classroommembership.htm  

**Civil War Preservation Trust Education Web Site
www.civilwar.org/historyctandclassrm.htm

**Adopt a Battlefield:
Save battlefields while teaching about their history! Site packs include Antietam, Appomattox, Fredericksburg, Trevilian Station, Perryville, Peninsula Campaign, Harpers Ferry, Third Winchester and Chancellorsville.  
Email jrosenberry@civilwar.org for more details. 
 
**Summer Teacher Institute – July 25-27, 2008 Classes include
   Civil War Lost and Found: An Antietam Soldier’s Diary,
   Civil War Service Records as Primary Source,
   Organizing a Youth Re-enactment Program,
   Teaching the Civil War with Technology,
   Creating a Civil War Sesquicentennial Commemoration Event,
   Economic Issues in the Civil War,
   Lincoln Assassination Murder Mystery,
   Marie Tepe: Vivandiere – Women in the Civil War,
   Teaching the Civil War to Elementary Students, and
   Creating a Student Living History Museum.

   Also, a field trip to either Harpers Ferry or Antietam.  Registration forms and details on the CWPT Teacher Institute can be found on the web:
   www.civilwar.org/historyctandclassrm.htm.

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TRIVIA ANSWERS:

A. Cheat Mountain, (Western) Virginia
www.civilwarhome.com/leebio.htm 
www.fs.fed.us/r9/mnf/rec/civilwar/cheatsummit.html

B. Belmont, Missouri.
www.historynet.com/battle-of-belmont-ulysses-s-grant-takes-command.htm 
www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/mo009.htm.

C.  Confederate Lt. John W. Headley and two other agents used “Greek Fire” to set several hotels, boats and stores on fire.  (Greek Fire was “a clear incendiary liquid made of phosphorus in a bisulphide of carbon.” The idea was that terrible fires would ensue in the business district and Northerners would panic and be demoralized.  More about Headley’s exploits can be read in Confederate Operations in Canada and New York.   
www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn/A50445-2003May28?language=printer

D.  The Emancipation Proclamation, January 1, 1863.

E.  John Singleton Mosby, the “Gray Ghost of the Confederacy”.  For a short time, Mosby unofficially served Jeb Stuart in 1862 before being authorized to organize the 43rd VA Cavalry.  Interestingly, despite never formally surrendering after Appomattox, he became a Republican and a friend of US Grant. 
http://docsouth.unc.edu/fpn/mosby/summary.html

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Jennifer Rosenberry
Education Coordinator
Civil War Preservation Trust
11 Public Square, Suite 200
Hagerstown, MD 21740
301.665.1400
jrosenberry@civilwar.org

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