The Civil War Curriculum | Goal 7 | High School
1864-1865: Bringing the War to an End
By the Civil War Trust, Endorsed by History™
Grades: High School
Approximate Length of Time: 50 minutes
Goal: Students will be able to summarize the sequence of events that led to the end of the Civil War.
1. Students will be able to analyze the platforms of both Lincoln and McClellan during the 1864 election and determine the desires of the nation at this point in the war.
2. Students will be able to create a timeline and map illustrating the sequence of events leading to the end of the war.
3. Students will be able to summarize the Articles of Agreement from the Surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia and draw conclusions about the feelings of the US military toward the Confederate military.
1. Bringing the War to an End PowerPoint
2. Lincoln & McClellan Cards
3. Chicago Platform
4. Baltimore Platform
5. What Do You Think? Notes Sheet
6. Timeline Worksheet and Map
7. Articles of Agreement
8. Articles of Agreement Teacher Version
9. The Last Salute to the Army of Northern Virginia and Essay
At this point the situation is looking up for the United States, with victories at Vicksburg and Gettysburg; however, some people are tired of war and are looking for a way to end it soon.
Lincoln has served one four-year term as president. How do you think the election is going to go? Do you think Lincoln will be reelected or will someone else become president? While Lincoln believes that it is important to keep fighting to bring the Southern states back into the Union, what do you think his opponent believes?
Print out the PowerPoint with notes prior to class. There are notes included with the slides that can be on the printed slides, but won’t be seen by your students during the presentation.
1. Hand out the Lincoln & McClellan Cards to students; there should be around the same number of Lincolns and McClellans.
2. Hand out the Baltimore Platform to all of the Lincolns and the Chicago Platform to all of the McClellans.
3. Begin Bringing the War to an End PowerPoint
4. Have the students read their given platforms, paying particular attention to the bolded text.
5. Put all of the Lincolns in one group and all of the McClellan in another.
6. Hand out the What Do You Think? Notes Sheet and have students work together to gather their ideas for a debate, filling out the note sheet as they go.
7. Continue to follow Bringing the War to an End PowerPoint presentation.
8. Hand out the Timeline Worksheet and Map, copied back to back.
9. Have students complete the Timeline and Map Worksheet.
10. As a class, read the Articles of Agreement and complete notes under each item.
1. Read the last quotes from Chamberlain and Lee on the Bringing the War to an End PowerPoint.
2. Have students read The Last Salute to the Army of Northern Virginia and complete the essay.
Assessment in this Lesson:
1. Completed the What Do You Think? Notes Sheet with answers based on the platform reading.
2. Informal assessment through observation of the debate and pre-date group conversation.
3. Completed timeline, map, and map question.
4. Informal assessment through note taking on the Articles of Agreement.
5. Written response to The Last Salute of the Army of Northern Virginia