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Civil War Trust

Year in Review Quiz Answers

Test your knowledge of CWPT's 2010 accomplishments

1. Our first battlefield preservation effort of 2010 was focused on the historic Snyder Farm on the Gettysburg Battlefield. With what tactical action is the tract associated with?

  • The Confederate’s First Day assault on Benner’s Hill
  • James Longstreet’s Second Day assault on the Union left
  • JEB Stuart’s Third Day attack upon the Union rear
  • Allegheny Johnson’s Third Day assault on Culp’s Hill
  • Jubal Early’s attack on Cemetery Ridge


Answer: James Longstreet’s Second Day assault on the Union left. Many of Longstreet’s First Corps troops marched through this 2-acre tract on their way to places like Devil’s Den, Little Round Top, and The Wheatfield.

Snyder Farm tract
By the end of the year, the tract was transferred to the Park Service and the two modern houses on this tract were removed. (Steve Stanley)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2. In January 2010, CWPT aggressively positioned itself as a foe of a new application to place a casino at this Civil War battlefield.

  • Antietam
  • Vicksburg
  • Nashville
  • Gettysburg
  • Manassas


Answer: Gettysburg. The Civil War Preservation Trust, working with a larger coalition of concerned partners, has been actively working to prevent the approval of an application to build a gambling casino next to the Gettysburg Battlefield.

For more on this active campaign please visit: www.civilwar.org/nocasino

3. In February 2010, CWPT initiated a new campaign to help save 1.07 acres associated with Emerson Opdyke’s famous counterattack at this battlefield:

  • Spotsylvania Court House
  • Nashville
  • Fort Donelson
  • Stones River
  • Franklin


Answer: Franklin Colonel Emerson Opdyke led his brigade forward towards the Confederate breakthrough at the center of the Union line at Franklin. Opdykes’s powerful and timely counterattack helped drive back this serious threat to the Union army.

4. In April 2010, Virginia Governor Bob McDonnell presented this jumbo-sized check to the CWPT. Gov. McDonnell (center), CWPT Chairman John Nau, and CWPT President Jim Lighthizer are all standing on an 85-acre section of land preserved by the CWPT at this battlefield in 2009.

OLJ, John Nau and McDonnell at Wagner

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Fredericksburg
  • Five Forks
  • Third Winchester
  • Appomattox Station
  • Chancellorsville


Answer: Chancellorsville.In 2009, CWPT worked to preserve the 85-acre Wagner Tract section of the Chancellorsville Battlefield. In April, Governor McDonnell paid tribute to that effort and signaled his strong support for additional battlefield preservation efforts in the Commonwealth.

5. In April 2010, CWPT started work on preservation efforts at the Ream’s Station, Davis Bridge, and Glendale Battlefields. Place these three battles into their correct chronological order.

  • Glendale, Davis Bridge, Ream’s Station
  • Ream’s Station, Glendale, Davis Bridge
  • Davis Bridge, Ream’s Station, Glendale
  • Glendale, Ream’s Station, Davis Bridge
  • Ream’s Station, Davis Bridge, Glendale


Answer: Glendale, Davis Bridge, Ream’s StationThe Battle of Glendale was fought on June 30, 1862. The Battle of Davis Bridge was fought on October 5, 1862. The Battle of Ream’s Station was fought on August 25, 1864. At these three battlefields, CWPT has helped preserve more than 1,500 acres.

Get more information on these battles:

 

6. In May 2010, CWPT announced its annual list of the nation’s most endangered battlefields. Which of these battlefields was not on that list?

  • A. The Wilderness
  • Cedar Creek
  • Chancellorsville
  • Gettysburg
  • Fort Stevens
  • South Mountain
  • Picacho Peak


Answer: Chancellorsville. The Chancellorsville Battlefield has been on three past Top 10 Most Endangered lists (2002, 2003, 2004), but did not make this year’s list. To see all the battlefields that did receive this worrisome distinction please visit: www.civilwar.org/mostendangered

7. In June 2010, CWPT held its Annual Conference in Lexington, Kentucky. As one of the Conference events, Ed Bearss led an all-day hiking tour of the Perryville Battlefield. This tour has now become part of CWPT lore. What happened on this tour?

  • The tour was forced to ford the Doctor’s Fork after the only bridge washed out
  • A surprise 80th birthday cake was sprung on Ed as he approached the crest of Parson’s Ridge
  • The entire tour was soaked to the bone, not once, but twice, by passing hail and thunderstorms
  • The tour watched Ed run out two squatters living in the Squire Bottoms House
  • A heavy fog led to the tour being seriously lost for 40 minutes or more


Answer: The entire tour was soaked to the bone, not once, but twice, by passing hail and thunderstorms. The all-day battlefield hikes led by Ed Bearss are always some of the most popular events at our Annual Conferences. This year’s hike at Perryville was met by torrential rains and hail. Fortunately for the intrepid tour participants the drenchings would be followed by periods of beautiful sunshine.

Perryville Hike
Attendees of this year's annual conference follow Ed Bearss through rain and hail at the Perryville battlefield. (Rob Shenk)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The 2011 Annual Conference will be held May 19-22, in Manassas, Virginia. Whose ready for an all-day hike on the First and Second Manassas Battlefields? To learn more about this year’s Annual Conference please visit: www.civilwar.org/annualconference

8. In June 2010, CWPT announced a new campaign to save an additional 240 acres of the Bentonville Battlefield in North Carolina. Including this new acreage, approximately how many acres has CWPT saved at Bentonville?

  • 345
  • 700
  • 950
  • 1,100
  • 1,700


Answer: 1,100. Over its existence, CWPT has worked to preserve more than 1,100 acres of this 1865 battlefield in North Carolina. To learn more about this battle please visit our Bentonville page.

Fitz John Porter
Fitz John Porter (Library of Congress)
9. In August 2010, CWPT was proud to announce a new campaign to save 10 acres on the Second Manassas Battlefield. This land is closely associated with a major attack led by this Union officer who was later court-martialed.

  • Philip Kearny
  • Irvin McDowell
  • Fitz John Porter
  • Franz Sigel
  • Edwin Sumner


Answer: Fitz John Porter. Porter, who was directed by John Pope to assault Stonewall Jackson’s line, was arrested on November 25, 1862 and court-martialed for this actions at Second Bull Run.

To learn more about our ongoing preservation efforts at Second Manassas please visit our Second Manassas page

10.  In September 2010, CWPT worked to acquire a small, but important tract of land that was adjacent to this famous Battle of Franklin landmark.

  • Carnton Plantation
  • Bernard’s Cabins
  • The Carter House
  • The Cotton Gin
  • The Slaughter Pen Farm


Answer: The Cotton Gin. CWPT is working to preserve a small, but important tract that abuts the lot where the prominent Carter Cotton Gin was located. The strongly entrenched Union line passed in front of the Gin and through the property that we are working to save today.

Cotton Gin Signs
The land seen here, the site of strong Union entrenchments in 1864, was the focus of one of CWPT's 2010 preservation campaigns at the Franklin battlefield. (Rob Shenk)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For more on this campaign please visit our Franklin page

11. In September 2010, Senator Lamar Alexander joined other speakers from CWPT to announce a fundraising campaign at this Tennessee battlefield:

  • Franklin
  • Chattanooga
  • Shiloh
  • Spring Hill
  • Knoxville


Answer: Spring Hill.Tennessee Senator Lamar Alexander extolled our 2010 efforts to save and protect an 84-acre section of the Spring Hill battlefield, next to the beautiful Rippavilla Plantation home. By December of 2010, CWPT secured the full funding it needed to preserve this land.

Saving the Flag
In this alternate view of Senator Alexander’s speech at Spring Hill, you can clearly see CWPT staffers David Duncan and Jim Drey bravely holding down two windswept flags during the presentation. (Bruce Guthrie)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12. In October 2010, CWPT was proud to announce their second Gettysburg preservation effort of the year. The 5-acre tract on Power’s Hill was significant to the Battle of Gettysburg for what reason?

  • Artillery on Power’s Hill helped blunt Confederate attacks near Culp’s Hill on July 3, 1863
  • A stout defensive effort by outnumbered Union troops on Power’s Hill helped protect the vulnerable Union right.
  • From Power’s Hill Winfield Scott Hancock spied the approaching Confederate troops looking to attack Culp’s Hill.
  • Heavy Union guns on Power’s Hill were able to drive off attacks on nearby Cemetery Ridge
  • Heavy Union guns on Power’s Hill contributed greatly to driving back Longstreet’s attack on the Wheatfield on July 2, 1863.


Answer: Artillery on Power’s Hill helped blunt Confederate attacks near Culp’s Hill on July 3, 1863The Union batteries atop Power’s Hill were able to deliver a devastating fire on Confederate troops moving through the Spangler’s Spring section of the battlefield. Due to their intensive fire, the Confederates in the region would dub this section of the battlefield, “Artillery Hell.”

To learn more about “Artillery Hell” and our preservation efforts at Power’s Hill please visit: www.civilwar.org/gettysburg10

13. In late October 2010, CWPT undertook one of its most significant battlefield preservation efforts in its history. The 49 acres at the Wilderness are associated with what important part of the battlefield?

  • Saunders Field
  • Widow Tapp Field
  • The Brock Road
  • Mule Shoe Salient
  • The Unfinished Railroad


Answer: Saunders Field. The 49 acre tract that CWPT is working to preserve encompasses an original section of Saunders Field, scene of some of the most intensive fighting at the Battle of the Wilderness.

Saunders Field
In 2010 CWPT began a campaign to save 49 acres adjacent to Saunders Field at the Wilderness battlefield. (Rob Shenk)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

To learn more about our ongoing efforts to preserve this critical part of the Wilderness Battlefield please visit our Wilderness page

OLJ & Neary
Jim Lighthizer with Donna Neary of the Kentucky Historical Society (Bruce Guthrie)
14. During 2010, the Civil War Preservation Trust earned all but one of the following awards:

  • The 2010 Apex Award for Publishing Excellence (Hallowed Ground Magazine)
  • The “Valued Partner” award from GuideStar
  • The Brian C. Pohanka Preservationist of the Year Award
  • The U.S. Interior Department’s “Partner in Conservation” Award
  • “4-Star Charity” award from Charity Navigator


Answer: The Brian C. Pohanka Preservationist of the Year Award. Actually the Brian C. Pohanka Preservationist of the Year Award is given out by CWPT to deserving groups or individuals. In 2010, Donna Neary, of the Kentucky Historical Society, received this award.

 

 

15. To close out a busy year, CWPT announced a new effort to preserve 104 acres at this battlefield.

FDB Map (600px)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Malvern Hill
  • First Deep Bottom
  • Cold Harbor
  • Williamsburg
  • Totopotomoy Creek


Answer: First Deep Bottom. In December, CWPT announced a new effort to preserve an additional 104 acres of the First Deep Bottom battlefield in Virginia. To learn more about this latest preservation effort please visit: www.civilwar.org/firstdeepbottom10

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Thank you for taking our 2010 CWPT: Year in Review Quiz. If you’d like to further test your Civil War knowledge try any of our other online quizzes below:

 

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