Name that Battlefield - Answer Key
Bull Run or First Manassas Battlefield (Henry House Hill)
July 21, 1861
It was on the Henry House Hill, at the Battle of Bull Run, that Thomas Jackson would earn his nickname, “Stonewall”.
Wilson’s Creek Battlefield (Ray House)
August 10, 1861
Greene and Christian Counties, Missouri
CWPT has preserved more than 212 acres of this important 1861 Trans-Mississippi battlefield.
April 6-7, 1862
Hardin County, Tennessee
Albert Sydney Johnston’s attack on Ulysses S. Grant near Pittsburg Landing produced more than 23,000 combined casualties and shocked the nation.
CWPT has worked to preserve 376 acres of this great Tennessee Civil War battlefield.
Malvern Hill Battlefield
July 1, 1862
Henrico County, Virginia
Malvern Hill was the final battle of the bloody Seven Days campaign outside of Richmond, Virginia. The strong Union position bristled with more than 250 guns and exacted a terrible toll on the disorganized Confederate attackers. The Union won this battle, but their unnerved commander, Maj. Gen. George McClellan, already aboard a nearby naval vessel, was committed to evacuating his more numerous Army of the Potomac.
CWPT has worked to save 847 acres of this battlefield outside of Richmond.
Fredericksburg Battlefield (Upper Pontoon Crossing)
December 11-15, 1862
CWPT has saved 208 acres of this important 1862 battlefield, including the Slaughter Pen Farm – the most expensive private battlefield preservation effort in American history.
Vicksburg Battlefield (Shirley House)
May 18-July 4, 1863
CWPT has worked to save land at many of the key battles of the Vicksburg Campaign of 1863. We’ve saved 622 acres at Port Gibson, 23 acres at Raymond, 406 acres at Champion Hill, and 28 acres at Big Black Bridge.
Chancellorsville Battlefield (Flank March Trail)
April 30-May 6, 1863
Spotsylvania County, Virginia
Down this wooded path traveled Stonewall Jackson and 26,000 men of the Army of Northern Virginia. Once upon the unsuspecting Union flank, they unleashed an assault that crumbled the much larger Army of the Potomac.
CWPT has been active over the years in working to protect the Chancellorsville battlefield. In working with nearby developers, CWPT has save 230 acres of this famous battlefield.
Brandy Station Battlefield (St. James Church)
June 9, 1863
Culpeper County, Virginia
This swirling battle was one of the largest cavalry engagements of the war. JEB Stuart’s once invincible cavalrymen met a determined Union opponent who had managed to surprise them with an early morning attack on their positions near Fleetwood Hill.
CWPT has preserved more than 1,013 acres of this beautiful and important battlefield.
Gettysburg Battlefield (Seminary Ridge)
July 1-3, 1863
Confederate Lieutenant General James Longstreet fought from Bull Run to Appomattox and saw more combat that most any other high ranking officer. At Gettysburg, Longstreet sought to convince Robert E. Lee that an attack on the Union lines at Gettysburg would be dangerous folly. Despite his arguments, Lee would order Longstreet to attack the Union left and center on the second and third days of Gettysburg – with disastrous results.
CWPT has saved more than 576 acres of the Gettysburg Battlefield.
Glorieta Pass Battlefield (Sharpshooters Ridge)
March 26-28, 1862
Santa Fe and San Miguel Counties, New Mexico
The battle of Glorieta Pass, named by some as the “Gettysburg of the West”, was the largest Civil War engagement in the far west. Confederate forces under Charles Pyron and William Scurry defeated their Union opponents in several hard fought battles in the narrow canyons of the Apache Canyon and Glorieta Pass. Despite these battlefield victories, the Confederates were forced to retreat all the way back to Texas after learning the destruction of their supply wagons.
CWPT has worked with local preservation groups to save 2 acres of this Civil War battlefield.
September 19-20, 1863
Catoosa and Walker Counties, Georgia
This battle was the largest and bloodiest of the Western theater and represented a much needed Confederate victory after the twin losses at Vicksburg and Gettysburg, earlier in the summer of 1863.
Kennesaw Mountain Battlefield
June 27, 1864
Looking for a battle that would break the stalemate in northwest Georgia, Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman would order an attack on entrenched Confederate positions southwest of Kennesaw Mountain. This ill-advised attack would produce more than 3,000 Union casualties and no perceptible benefit.
CWPT has saved land at many of the Atlanta Campaign battlefields – 4.5 acres at Kolb’s Farm, 19 acres at New Hope Church, and 565 acres at Resaca.
The Wilderness Battlefield
May 5-7, 1864
Spotsylvania and Orange Counties, Virginia
The Wilderness would be Ulysses S. Grant’s opening battle of his 1864 Overland Campaign. Fought in the dense, second growth, thickets named “The Wilderness”, the two sides would fight a grim and deadly contest that would produce more than 22,000 casualties.
CWPT, in conjunction with many other regional preservation groups, is working to prevent the construction of a 141,000 sq. ft. Wal-Mart Supercenter next to The Wilderness battlefield.
Mobile Bay Battlefield (Fort Morgan)
August 2-23, 1864
On the morning of August 5, 1864, Rear Admiral David Farragut and his union fleet would “damn the torpedoes” and gunfire from Fort Morgan and the CSS Tennessee to enter Mobile Bay. Once inside the bay, Farragut’s forces would defeat the mighty CSS Tennessee and finally close this important waterway. Fort Morgan would surrender on August 23, 1864.
Opposite Fort Morgan is another fort, Fort Gaines, that was a part of the Confederate defenses of Mobile Bay. Fort Gaines was named one of the Top 10 most endangered Civil War battlefields of 2009.
Franklin Battlefield (Carter House)
November 30, 1864
Williamson County, Tennessee
Desperate to prevent the escape of John Scofield’s Army of the Ohio, Lt. Gen. John Hood unleashed a rash frontal assault on the heavily fortified Union lines, just south of Franklin, Tennessee. The late afternoon, early evening assault proved to be one of the bloodiest of the Civil War, producing more than 6,200 casualties.
CWPT has worked to preserve more than 167 acres of the Franklin battlefield.
March 19-21, 1865
Bentonville, North Carolina
Joseph E. Johnston’s recently amalgamated Army of the South sought to strike William Tecumseh Sherman’s Union army before it united with Grant’s forces in Virginia. The subsequent battle of Bentonville, would become the largest battle in North Carolina.
CWPT has been active in saving the Bentonville Battlefield. More than 918 acres of this battlefield have been saved.