2008 Year End Quiz Answers
The 117 acres saved at Morris Island represented CWPT's first major land preservation victory in South Carolina. What significant Civil War battle occurred on Morris Island?
Battle of Island Number 10
Answer: Battle of Fort Wagner. In July of 1863, Union forces under Brig. Gen. Quincy Gillmore launched several assaults against Confederate forces inside of Battery Wagner, an important part of the larger Confederate defenses around Charleston harbor. In the second assault, launched on July 18, 1863, the 54th Massachusetts Regiment took part in a famous, and doomed, attack that was featured in the 1989 movie “Glory”
Learn more about the Battle of Fort Wagner and CWPT’s preservation efforts on Morris Island: Morris Island 2008
In 2008 CWPT was able to preserve 49 additional acres of the Brandy Station battlefield. Which of the following statements is not true with regards to the Battle of Brandy Station?The battle occurred in 1863
The battle was fought in Virginia
This was the battle where JEB Stuart was killed
This battle demonstrated the growing prowess of the Union cavalry force
This battle is considered the largest cavalry battle of the Civil War
Answer: JEB Stuart was killed at Yellow Tavern and not at Brandy Station. Stuart’s cavalry forces had congregated at Brandy Station, preparing for the upcoming Gettysburg campaign. Union cavalry under Alfred Pleasonton would storm across Rappahannock River to attack the gathering Confederate forces. Despite being forced back from the battlefield, the Union cavalry made quite an impression during this battle. Many experts point to Brandy Station as evidence of the Union cavalry’s growing capabilities.
Maps, Photos, Histories, and more on Brandy Station: Brandy Station 2008
In 2008, CWPT launched a number of animated battle maps on its website. One of those maps focused on the Battle of Chantilly (Ox Hill). What famous Union general was killed at the Battle of Chantilly?
Answer: Phil Kearny and Isaac Stevens were the two Union generals killed at the Battle of Chantilly (Ox Hill) in Fairfax County, Virginia. Phil Kearny, engaging in a little personal reconnaissance, surged out in front of his slowing regiments and accidently ran his mount into a line of Confederate infantry. The surprised Confederates were able to get off a few shots that fell Gen. Kearny before he could make his escape.
Extra Credit: Where were the other generals in the list killed?
Nathaniel Lyon: Battle of Wilson’s Creek (1861)
George Meade: Survived the War
John Reynolds: Battle of Gettysburg (1863)
John Sedgwick: Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse (1864)
To see the animated map of the Battle of Chantilly: View the Map
In March of 2008 CWPT unveiled its Top 10 Most Endangered Battlefield List. At its Most Endangered media event, what famous country music star made the keynote speech?
Answer: Trace Adkins. Trace Adkins has had a lifelong interest in the Civil War and is a keen supporter of battlefield preservation. Mr. Adkins’s Civil War ancestor fought at the Battle of Vicksburg in 1863.
To see an online video of Trace Adkins’s keynote speech: View the Video
Throughout 2008 CWPT has been very active in trying to limit the further destruction of the Cedar Creek battlefield. What sort of activity is the current and primary threat to this important battlefield?
Shopping mall development
Answer: Industrial mining. The Carmeuse corporation, a Belgian multinational, is actively trying to expand its considerable limestone mining operation at the Cedar Creek battlefield. This proposed expansion would literally dig up key northern sections of the battlefield – largely where Sheridan launched his all-important counterattack against the near-victorious forces under Jubal Early.
To see an animated map of the Battle of Cedar Creek and to learn more
In 2008 CWPT began a campaign to save 161 acres of the Shiloh battlefield. At the Battle of Shiloh which famous Civil War character was not present at this important battle?
Answer: James Longstreet. Lee’s “Old War Horse” did take part in one significant Western Theater battle – the Battle of Chickamauga in 1863, but was not present at the Battle of Shiloh in 1862.
For more on CWPT’s preservation efforts at Shiloh: Shiloh 2008
Throughout the year CWPT has been very active in trying to stop Wal-Mart and the Orange County, Va. Supervisors from building a huge Supercenter development next to the Wilderness battlefield. Which statement about the Battle of the Wilderness is not true?
This was the opening battle of U.S. Grant's Overland Campaign in 1864
Answer: This was a battle that greatly featured the power of Union artillery. Much of the Wilderness battlefield was covered in dense “second growth” thickets that greatly reduced visibility and mobility for artillery pieces. Despite having a significant advantage in artillery, Grant’s Army of the Potomac was hard pressed to take advantage of that strength in this opening battle of the Overland Campaign of 1864.
To learn more about the Battle of the Wilderness and the threat posed by Walmart please visit our site at: Wilderness Walmart
In 2008 CWPT was able to secure another 173 acres of preserved land at the Bentonville battlefield. The Battle of Bentonville, the largest battle in North Carolina, occurred in what year?
Answer: 1865. The Battle of Bentonville was fought on March 19-21, 1865. This battle between Confederate forces under Gen. Joseph Johnston and Union forces under William Tecumseh Sherman, was one of the final major battle of the Civil War. The Confederate attack on Sherman’s troops moving north through North Carolina was the Confederates last and best chance to stop Sherman before he could unify with Grant’s Army of the Potomac outside of Petersburg.
For more on the Battle of Bentonville please visit: Bentonville 2008
In November 2008, CWPT joined with the Shenandoah Valley Battlefield Foundation to begin a preservation campaign focused on the Third Winchester battlefield. Two future US Presidents would fight at Third Winchester. Can you name them?
John Tyler and James Polk
Answer: Rutherford B. Hayes and William McKinley. Rutherford B. Hayes assumed command of the Union Second Division after its commander, Col. Duval was wounded. Hayes was instrumental in leading an important charge across Red Bud Run. McKinley was a key member of Maj. Gen. George Crook’s VIII Corps staff during the Battle of Third Winchester
For more on the Battle of Third Winchester and our preservation efforts there please visit: Third Winchester 2008
In November 2008 CWPT announced a new campaign to save more of the Reams Station and Trevilian Station battlefields in Virginia. Which famous Confederate cavalry commander was present at both of these important 1864 battles?
Answer: Wade Hampton. Maj. Gen. Wade Hampton, commanding the cavalry of the Army of Northern Virginia, was able to intercept and stop Phil Sheridan’s cavalry raid in June of 1864. Hampton’s expert handling of the Battle of Trevilian Station led to a significant blooding of Sheridan’s troopers at this key battle – the largest all-cavalry battle of the Civil War. Hampton, at the battle of Reams Station, would command a dismounted cavalry assault against the southern Union defenses. The Confederate attack here greatly contributed to the Union rout on this important Petersburg Campaign battle.
For more on the Battles of Trevilian Station and Reams Station please visit: Reams-Trevilian 2008
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