Civil War Battles Crossword Puzzle
1 - Site where Robert E Lee was forced to surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia on April 9, 1865.
4 - This May 1864 battle was fought in an area of almost impenetrable forest and undergrowth. CS Gen. James Longstreet was shot here by his own men. At one point, the woods caught on fire and helpless wounded soldiers died in the blaze. Despite having no clear winner, Grant continued to Richmond.
7 - Another name for the battle of "Third Winchester", part of Sheridan's 1864 Valley Campaign. Two future presidents - Hayes and McKinley - fought here.
8 - US Gen. William T. Sherman defeated CS Gen. John B. Hood here in July 1864. This Georgia city was the munitions center of the Confederacy. When Sherman left for his March to the Sea, military facilities were destroyed. The fire spread and devastated the city.
10 - In July 1861, US Gen. Irwin McDowell was defeated near Manassas Junction, VA; a hasty Union retreat followed. Civilians had been watching the battle - and picnicking! - nearby.
11 - "Stonewall" Jackson captured this town - site of a Union armory - on September 15, 1862. Before the war, John Brown's Raid also happened here.
12 - Lee's last clear victory was at this June 1864 battle. US Gen. Grant hurled his men against Lee's entrenched forces - thousands of men died in minutes. He later said, "I have always regretted that the last assault at _____ ______ was ever made."
15 - After this April 1865 battle, Robert E Lee saw the remnants of his scattered army and cried, "My God! Has the army been dissolved?"
17 - This Mississippi River city, the largest in the Confederacy, fell to Flag Officer David Farragut in April 1862. The obnoxious Benjamin Butler occupied the city the next day.
18 - Also called Frayer's Farm, this June 30, 1862 battle is the next to last battle of the Peninsula Campaign.
20 - US Gens. Grant and George Meade faced Robert E Lee here in May 1864. This was a two-week-long series of attacks. A famous feature is the Bloody Angle - where almost a whole division of Lee's army was captured. Grant did not win the battle, but unlike previous commanders, he continued towards Richmond.
22 - CS Gen. John B. Hood's Army of Tennessee was routed here in December 1864 by George H. Thomas.
23 - US Gens. George Thomas and William T. Sherman captured Orchard Knob and Lookout Mountain on November 23-24; Missionary Ridge was taken on November 25. CS Gen. Braxton Bragg's Army of Tennessee was routed. This city, called the "Gateway to the Lower South", was now in Union hands and would be Sherman's base during the 1864 Atlanta Campaign.
24 - Jefferson Davis received word from Robert E Lee - advising him to abandon this Confederate capital - during a Sunday morning church service.
25 - Joseph E. Johnston was severely wounded during this May 31 - June 1, 1862 battle. The most important outcome was that command of the Army of Northern Virginia was turned over to Robert E. Lee.
26 - In June of 1864, the Union missed a tremendous opportunity to take this Virginia city, an important railroad center close to Richmond. Because of this, the city endured a ten-month siege (until April 1865). The city fell on April 2, 1865 - forcing the Confederates to abandon this city as well as their capital.
2 - This July 1, 1862 battle was the last battle of the 1862 Peninsula Campaign.
3 - US Gen. George Meade won this enormous, bloody Pennsylvania battle versus Robert E Lee in July 1863. Still, he failed to follow Lee as he retreated back to Virginia. Pickett's Charge is probably the most famous event in the battle.
5 - As the "last stop" in US Gen. Sherman's "March to the Sea", this city was given to Abraham Lincoln as a "Christmas gift" in December 1864. Next, Sherman moved through the Carolinas.
6 - US Gen. Joseph Hooker faced Robert E. Lee and "Stonewall" Jackson at this May 1863 battle. Despite a Confederate victory, the day was a Confederate loss in that Jackson was mortally wounded.
9 - Joseph E. Johnston surrendered to William T Sherman near __________ Station, NC.
10 - On December 13, 1862, US Gen. Ambrose Burnside launched several suicidal attacks against the Stone Wall at Marye's Heights. CS Gen. Longstreet had established a "kill zone" there with his well placed artillery. Also, there were five Medal of Honor winners at the battle - fighting at a part of the field called the Slaughter Pen.
12 - US Gens. William S. Rosecrans and George H. Thomas faced CS Gens. Braxton Bragg James Longstreet in this September 1863 battle. This was a Confederate victory an the Union army retreated to Chattanooga. Still, George Thomas's stubborn and determined fighting earned him the nickname of "Rock of ___________".
13 - On September 17, 1862, the Army of Northern Virginia was caught by US Gen. McClellan at Sharpsburg, MD. Three famous parts of the battle are the cornfield, Burnside's Bridge, and Bloody Lane. Lincoln announced the Emancipation Proclamation after this battle.
14 - This Virginia battle, the opening battle of the Gettysburg campaign, is the largest cavalry battle of the Civil War.
16 - The first engagement between two ironclad ships occurred on March 9, 1862, when the Union's "Monitor" and the CSS Virginia dueled to a draw near Hampton Roads, VA. The CSS Virginia was originally a Union vessel, the USS __________.
19 - After a long siege, CS Gen. Pemberton surrendered this Mississippi city to US Gen. Grant in July 1863. Now that this city, and New Orleans, were in Union hands, the Confederacy was "cut in two".
21 - At the April 6-7, 1862 battle, the Confederacy was dealt a terrible blow with the death of CS Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston. It was a Union victory despite US Gen. Grant's initially being caught surprised and unprepared at Pittsburg Landing.