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Palmito Ranch Battlefield

Boca Chica Boulevard, Brownsville, TX 78521, USA  | More on: Palmito Ranch »

More than one month after Lee's surrender to Grant at Appomattox, the battle of Palmito Ranch represented the last known land engagement fought as part of the Civil War and the ongoing conflict between the Confederacy's Trans-Mississippi Department and the Union army. Fought May 12-13, 1865, the Confederates were protecting the center of their clandestine cotton shipping operation with Mexico and European mills. The battle was the Union's last unsuccessful attempt to seize control of the Lower Rio Grande region.


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Google Satellite Map of Brownsville, TX.

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From Brownsville follow Highway 4 to the Gulf of Mexico.

Visitor Services

Visitors can drive or bicycle along Highway 4, Boca Chica Highway, and view the battlefield and related historical markers. However, most of the property is an undeveloped, remote area within the National Wildlife Refuge.

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Admission Fee



Daily: Sunrise to sunset.



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