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Fort Brown and Historic Brownsville Museum

641 East Madison Street, Brownsville, TX 78520, USA

Fort Brown, established in 1846, housed Federal troops during the Mexican War. In 1861 Texas state troops occupied the fort. With the southern Atlantic coast blockaded, Brownsville became an important Confederate port, with cotton and war material flowing back and forth. To eliminate the trade a Union army landed near the mouth of the Rio Grande in November 1863, occupying Fort Brown and Brownsville. Eight months later a strong Confederate army drove out the Federal forces and held the fort until the end of the war. The original hospital building is now the administration building for Texas Southmost College. Other extant buildings include a medical laboratory, guardhouse, and morgue. The Historic Brownsville Museum houses materials related to Brownsville's long military history.


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For the Fort: exit I-69/ expressway 77 at International Blvd. Fort Brown/Texas Southmost College adjoins International Blvd. at Jefferson Street in Brownsville. For the Museum: exit the I-69/ 77 onto E 6th Street. After 4 blocks, turn left onto Madison St. Historic Brownsville Museum is in the restored Southern Pacific Depot at 641 E. Madison Street

Visitor Services

Public rest rooms, information, education center, gift shop, tours.

Plan Your Visit

Admission Fee

Grounds, Free; Museum: adults $4.00, children under 13 $2.00, free for museum members


Tuesday-Friday: 10:00 A.M.-4:00 P.M., Saturday: 10:00 A.M.-2:00 P.M.; Closed: Sunday-Monday and major holidays.



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