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The Vicksburg Campaign

It is one of the more remarkable campaigns of the American Civil War. For many a hard fought month, Ulysses S. Grant and his Union soldiers had been trying to wrest away the strategic Confederate river fortress of Vicksburg, Mississippi. Previous, direct attempts to take this important town high above the Mississippi River were blocked by deft rebel counter moves and some of the most pernicious terrain in the entire Western theater.

In late April 1863, Grant would undertake a new and bold campaign against Vicksburg and the Confederate defenders under John Pemberton. After conducting a surprise landing below Vicksburg at Bruinsburg, Mississippi, Grant’s forces would rapidly move inland, pushing back the threat posed by Joseph E. Johnston’s forces near Jackson. Once his rear was clear, Grant would move back towards Vicksburg, from the East.

Victories at Champion Hill and Big Black Bridge would leave Pemberton’s forces weakened and besieged in Vicksburg. With the fall of Vicksburg and the surrender of Pemberton’s forces on July 4, 1863, one of the greatest Union victories of the Civil War would be secured. See More Vicksburg Campaign Resources»

Saving the Battlefields of the Vicksburg Campaign

  • The Civil War Trust
    and its members have long had
    an interest in preserving the battlefields of the Vicksburg Campaign. We have saved hundreds of battlefield acres at places like Port Gibson, Raymond, Champion Hill and Big Black River Bridge.

Key Battles of the
1863 Vicksburg Campaign

April 29, 1863
Grand Gulf
May 1, 1863
622 Acres Saved
May 12, 1863
40 Acres Saved
May 14, 1863
May 16, 1863
402 Acres Saved
May 17, 1863
Big Black River Bridge
28 Acres Saved
May 18-July 4, 1863

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