Tom's Brook was a battle of strategy and
maneuver that pitted cavalry against cavalry. The Confederate cavalry
were eager for revenge against their Federal counterparts, who had been
burning barns and mills in the Valley for the previous week. After his victory of Jubal Early's Confederates at Fisher's Hill, Sheridan ordered his horsemen to "whip''
the enemy or get whipped themselves. In the resulting conflict,
the troopers of George Custer and Wesley Merritt's divisions routed the Early's mounted arm, impairing its morale and
efficiency for the remainder of the campaign. The precipitous flight of the Confederate cavalry was
referred to by Valley residents and victorious Federals as
the "Woodstock Races." The fighting on the Back Road at
Spiker's Hill pitted two former West Point roommates against one
another--Tom Rosser and George Armstrong Custer. Maj. Gen.
Philip H. Sheridan watched the battle unfold, reputedly from the
summit of Round Hill.
10 Facts about Tom's Brook
Learn more about the historical significance of the Battle of Tom's Brook - the most decisive Union cavalry victory in the Eastern Theater.