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Answer: Pittsburg Landing. Named for local resident and liquor store operator Pittser Tucker. Pittsburg Landing was the principal embarkation point for Union forces occupying the Shiloh Battlefield.
Answer: A small, rural church named Shiloh. This small log-built Methodist church was one of the few structures on the Shiloh Battlefield. Intense fighting occurred all around this structure on April 6, 1862.
Answer: Corinth, Mississippi. Ulysses S. Grant and most of the Union high command believed that Albert Sidney Johnston was gathering his disparate armies so that he could defend the strategic town of Corinth, Mississippi. Grant, Sherman, and others were surprised to learn that Johnston's intentions were fully offensive in nature.
Answer: Johnston graduated 8th out of 41 cadets in the West Point class of 1826. Lee graduated second out of 45 in the West Point class of 1829.
Answer: Several of the Confederate railroad tracks leading to the attack zone were disrupted by Federal cavalry. While Corinth was an important rail hub, there were no rail lines leading from Corinth towards the Pittsburg Landing area.
Answer: Tonight we will water our horses in the Tennessee. An ebullient Johnston exclaimed to his senior staff "Tonight we will water our horses in the Tennessee"
Answer: E. Peabody sent forth a reconnaissance that would discover the attacking Confederate Army. An anxious Col. Everett Peabody was eager to learn the strength and disposition of the Confederate forces who were growing in number to his front. Peabody's timely reconnaissance prevented the Confederate forces from completely surprising the Union army in their camps at Shiloh. General Prentiss, Peabody's superior, when he learned of the growing military action at Seay Field, declared "Peabody, I will personally hold you responsible for bringing on this action!"
Answer: The Sunken Road. Union forces at the far edge of Duncan Field used a rural road along the tree line as their line of defense. Despite the fact that the roadbed is not much depressed below the surface of the nearby land, the road was later named "The Sunken Road."
Answer: C. P.G.T. Beauregard
Answer: Ruggles Battery. To break the Union line at Duncan Field, the Confederates gathered 11 batteries together—50 to 60 guns—that would take dead aim on the Union troops holding the Sunken Road. This mighty congregation of guns was one of the largest Confederate artillery forces ever assembled in the Western Theater.
Answer: Benjamin Prentiss. With many Union soldiers in the Hornet's Nest racing to the rear for safety, roughly 2,300 Union soldiers and general Benjamin Prentiss were captured late in the afternoon of April 6, 1862. Many Confederates believed that this large capture signaled a complete victory for the Confederate army.
Answer: B. Don Carlos Buell
Answer: USS Tyler and USS Lexington. Armed with 8-inch smoothbores and a few 32-pounders, the Tyler and Lexington, firing from the Tennessee River, helped to disrupt and demoralize Confederate forces attempting to press Grant's "Final Line" position.
Answer: Henry Halleck. Despite Grant's resolve on April 6th and his successful counterattack on April 7th, many in the Union high command and in Washington DC took a dim view of his performance at Shiloh. Henry Halleck, one of Grant's chief detractors, arrived on April 11, 1862 and took command of the Union forces.
Answer: Union generals Lew Wallace, W.H.L. Wallace, and Benjamin Prentiss were all killed or captured during the battle. Lew Wallace was neither killed nor captured at the Battle of Shiloh.
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