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Civil War Trust

Olustee Battlefield

The Battle of Olustee
Ocean Pond
February 20, 1864

In February 1864, the commander of the Department of the South, Maj. Gen. Quincy A. Gillmore, launched an expedition into Florida to secure Union enclaves, sever Rebel supply routes, and recruit black soldiers. Brig. Gen. Truman Seymour moved deep into the state, occupying, destroying, and  liberating,  meeting little resistance on February 20, he approached Brig. Gen. Joseph Finegan’s 5,000 Confederates entrenched near Olustee.  One infantry brigade pushed out to meet Seymour’s advance units.  The Union forces attacked but were repulsed. The battle raged, and as Finegan committed the last of his reserves, the Union line broke and began to retreat. Finegan did not exploit the retreat, allowing most of the fleeing Union forces to reach Jacksonville. 
 

Battle Facts

Location

  • Baker County, Florida

Dates

  • February 20, 1864

Union Commander

Confederate Commander

Estimated Casualties

  • 1,860 UnionUnion Flag
  • 946 ConfederateConfederate Flag

Result

  • Confederate Victory Confederate Flag

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