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Civil War Trust

Kernstown Battlefield

Battle of First Kernstown
March 23, 1862

Relying on faulty intelligence that reported the Union garrison at Winchester numbered only about 3,000, “Stonewall”  Jackson marched aggressively north with his 3,400-man division.  The 8,500 Federals, commanded by Col. Nathan Kimball, stopped Jackson at Kernstown and then counterattacked turning Jackson’s left flank and forcing him to retreat. Despite this Union victory, President Lincoln was disturbed by Jackson’s threat to Washington and redirected substantial reinforcements to the Valley, depriving McClellan’s army of these troops. McClellan claimed that the additional troops would have enabled him to take Richmond during his Peninsula campaign.


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Battle Facts


  • Jackson’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign

Battles In This Campaign



  • March 23, 1862

Union Commander

Confederate Commander

Forces Engaged

  • 8,500 Union Union Flag
  • 3,800 Confederate Confederate Flag

Estimated Casualties

  • 590 UnionUnion Flag
  • 718 ConfederateConfederate Flag


  • Union Victory Union Flag

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