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Answer: It dominated the flank and rear of the Union's Cemetery Hill position. If the Southerners captured and controlled Culp’s Hill, the Union right and center would have been compromised, as well as the Union army’s lifeline—the Baltimore Pike
Answer: Severe fighting at Culp's Hill raged from July 1 to 2, 1863. The fighting at Culp’s Hill started on the evening of July 2, 1863 and raged for seven hours throughout the morning on July 3.
Answer: General Edward Johnson. General Edward “Allegheny” Johnson’s Division, of Richard Ewell’s Corps attacked Culp’s Hill on both July 2nd and July 3rd.
To learn more about the life and career of " Old Allegheny," check out our Edward "Allegheny" Johnson biography »
Answer: Union Artillery atop Culp's Hill covered the entire field of attack. Union troops did indeed fell trees to open a field of fire for a limited number of cannons atop Culp’s Hill, but did not deter a Confederate attack.
Answer: Clapsaddle Creek. Clapsaddle is indeed a local, Gettysburg name, but not the name of a creek
Answer: Oak Ridge and Seminary Ridge. Culp’s Hill’s 60-foot tower originally had four companions on the field—on Oak Ridge, Big Round Top, Cemetery Ridge and Seminary Ridge. The towers on Big Round Top and Cemetery Ridge were both removed in the 1960s, leaving only those on Culp’s Hill, Seminary Ridge and a shortened tower on Oak Ridge.
Answer: "Well, it's murder, but it's the order." When ordered to attack toward the seemingly impregnable position across Spangler’s Meadow, Lt. Col. Mudge exclaimed, “Well, it’s murder, but it’s the order.” Mudge was killed just minutes later in the attack. More than 40% of his regiment were killed, wounded or captured.
Answer: Five. Only General George Sears Greene’s Brigade remained on Culp’s Hill as the Confederates attacked that evening.
Power's Hill. More than a dozen Union artillery pieces were positioned upon Power’s Hill. The artillery fire from these and other guns along the Baltimore Pike made the Confederate positions an “artillery hell.” Casino Hill is in Nashville, Tennessee.
The Civil War Trust has worked to save almost 700 acres of the Gettysburg Battlefield, including 5 acres on Power's Hill, the very spot from which Federal cannon unleashed "artillery hell" on July 3.
Gen. George Steuart General George Hume “Maryland” Steuart’s Maryland, North Carolina and Virginia soldiers came upon the abandoned trenches in the darkness and used them to great effect the following day.
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