Skip to main content

Civil War Trust

  • Gettysburg 1

  • Gettysburg Cyclorama

  • Gettysburg Historical Photo

  • Gettysburg Morning

  • Gettysburg Map

Gettysburg

July 1 - 3, 1863

Adams County, Pennsylvania

Having concentrated his army around the small town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, Gen. Robert E. Lee awaited the approach of Union Gen. George G. Meade’s forces. On July 1, early Union success faltered as Confederates pushed back against the Iron Brigade and exploited a weak Federal line at Barlow’s Knoll. The following day saw Lee strike the Union flanks, leading to heavy battle at Devil's Den, Little Round Top, the Wheatfield, Peach Orchard, Culp’s Hill and East Cemetery Hill. Southerners captured Devil’s Den and the Peach Orchard, but ultimately failed to dislodge the Union defenders. On the final day, July 3rd, fighting raged at Culp’s Hill with the Union regaining its lost ground. After being cut down by a massive artillery bombardment in the afternoon, Lee attacked the Union center on Cemetery Ridge and was repulsed in what is now known as Pickett’s Charge. Lee's second invasion of the North had failed, and had resulted in heavy casualties; an estimated 51,000 soldiers were killed, wounded, captured, or listed as missing after Gettysburg.
Learn More About This Battle
10 Facts about Lee's Headquarters

10 Facts about Lee's Headquarters

Learn more about the Thompson House, Robert E. Lee's headquarters during the 1863 battle and the site of fierce combat.

July 1 Brief History

July 1, 1863 - A Brief History

In the fields outside a small Pennsylvania town, two massive armies collided unexpectedly, initiating the battle of Gettysburg.

940
Acres Saved

Gettysburg: Preservation and Restoration »

4 Acres at Risk

Donation Match: $5-to-$1

Our Goal: $1,100,000

Donate Today

This battlefield was identified in our annual report History Under Siege™ in 2001 »  , 2002 »  , 2007 »  , 2009 »  , 2006 »  , and 2010 »

Photos

From McPherson's Ridge to Devil's Den and Little Round Top, see our collection of Gettysburg photos.

View the Gallery

Videos

What happens after the land has been saved?

Watch the Video

Recommended Reading

"Gettysburg"
by Stephen W. Sears

Buy »

The Gettysburg Campaign

"The Gettysburg Campaign: A Study in Command"
by Edwin Coddington

Buy »

Get the Entire Reading List
In Our Amazon Bookstore

Civil War Trust Bookstore »

Buy a Book - Support a Battlefield
Civil War Trust receives proceeds from each sale in our Amazon bookstore

Want the Latest? Follow us on Twitter and Facebook:

Find Another Battlefield

Or
Or

Our Sponsors

Powered by Convio
nonprofit software