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July 1 - 3, 1863

Adams County, Pennsylvania

Having concentrated his army around the small town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, Gen. Robert E. Lee awaited the approach of Union Gen. George G. Meade’s forces. On July 1, early Union success faltered as Confederates pushed back against the Iron Brigade and exploited a weak Federal line at Barlow’s Knoll. The following day saw Lee strike the Union flanks, leading to heavy battle at Devil's Den, Little Round Top, the Wheatfield, Peach Orchard, Culp’s Hill and East Cemetery Hill. Southerners captured Devil’s Den and the Peach Orchard, but ultimately failed to dislodge the Union defenders. On the final day, July 3rd, fighting raged at Culp’s Hill with the Union regaining its lost ground. After being cut down by a massive artillery bombardment in the afternoon, Lee attacked the Union center on Cemetery Ridge and was repulsed in what is now known as Pickett’s Charge. Lee's second invasion of the North had failed, and had resulted in heavy casualties; an estimated 51,000 soldiers were killed, wounded, captured, or listed as missing after Gettysburg.
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Lee's Headquarters

Lee's Headquarters Preservation Timeline

Follow the progress of the Trust's most ambitious restoration effort: Returning the site of Lee's Headquarters at Gettysburg to its wartime appearance.

July 1 Brief History

July 1, 1863 - A Brief History

In the fields outside a small Pennsylvania town, two massive armies collided unexpectedly, initiating the battle of Gettysburg.

Acres Saved

Gettysburg: Preservation and Restoration »

Lee's Headquarters »

This battlefield was identified in our annual report History Under Siege™ in 2001 »  , 2002 »  , 2007 »  , 2009 »  , 2006 »  , and 2010 »


From McPherson's Ridge to Devil's Den and Little Round Top, see our collection of Gettysburg photos.

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What happens after the land has been saved?

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Recommended Reading

by Stephen W. Sears

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The Gettysburg Campaign

"The Gettysburg Campaign: A Study in Command"
by Edwin Coddington

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