Fredericksburg Quiz

Test your knowledge of the Battle of Fredericksburg

1. The absence of what important military equipment forced Union Commander Major General Ambrose Burnside to delay his crossing of the Rappahannock River?

  •  Ammunition trains
  •  Food rations
  •  Pontoon bridges
  •  Telegraph wires
  •  Hospital Equipment 


2. Brig. Gen. William Barksdale’s Brigade tenaciously held onto the town of Fredericksburg, giving Lee time to consolidate his position.  From which state did the majority of Barksdale’s forces hale?

  •  Alabama
  •  Arkansas
  •  Mississippi
  •  Tennessee
  •  All of the above 


3. On the afternoon of December 11, the 20th Massachusetts was called upon to clear the city streets of resistance, and deadly and dangerous task that exacted a fearsome toll on the Bay-Staters.  What was the nickname later given to this brave regiment?

  •  The Cambridge Guard
  •  The Gallant 20th
  •  The Bay State Street Brawlers
  •  The Harvard Regiment.
  •  The Tammany Regiment 


4. After a harrowing fight on December 11, many Union soldiers expected to resume the conflict the following morning.  When no attack orders were given, how did Union troops occupying Fredericksburg spend December 12, 1862?

  •  Most troops spent the day drilling and preparing to make the attack everyone knew would be ordered the next day.
  •  A vast majority of Union soldiers participated in looting and other wonton destruction of the abandoned Rebel city.
  •  Officers organized work parties to go about repairing the damage done by the previous day’s bombardment
  •  Troops occupying the western edge of the town constructed earthworks in anticipation of a Confederate attempt to retake the town.
  •  Special details formed to escort non-combatants from the devastated town. 


5. With a single cannon, Confederate artillerist John Pelham created great confusion on the Union left flank and delayed their assault on December 13, 1862.  What sobriquet did his actions here and elsewhere earn him?

  •  Pelham the Superb
  •  The Indefatigable Pelham
  •  The Gallant Pelham
  •  Pelham the Fearless
  •  Fighting John Pelham 


6. What nickname was given to Prospect Hill by Confederate soldiers who fought there?

  •  Dead Man’s Hill
  •  Dead Horse Hill
  •  No Prospect Hill
  •  Hopeless Heights
  •  Hamburger Hill 


7. Though a frequent source of frustration for Stonewall Jackson, this Second Corps division commander sensed impending disaster on the Confederate right and rushed his troops to stop the Federal breakthrough:

  •  A. P. Hill
  •  D. H. Hill
  •  Lafayette McLaws
  •  Jubal Early
  •  William Taliaferro 


8. During the great struggle for the Slaughter Pen Farm, Union Brig. Gen.  John Gibbon’s division faced off against James H. Lane’s brigade.  Within that Confederate brigade were three of Gibbon’s brothers.  From which state did much of Lane’s brigade, and Gibbon’s brothers hail from?

  •  Georgia
  •  Virginia
  •  Maryland
  •  North Carolina
  •  Tennessee 


9. Upon witnessing the terrible carnage his army had inflicted on the Yankees, Robert E. Lee said to General James Longstreet, “It is well that war is so terrible, or…”

  •  “…it would endure forever.”
  •  “…we would grow too fond of it.”
  •  “…we would never recognize its folly.”
  •  “…we would make too much sport of it.” 


10. General James Longstreet’s Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia successfully defended Marye’s Heights with help from which feature of the battlefield?

  •  The Stone Wall along the Sunken Road
  •  The Fairgrounds Fence
  •  The Mill Race  (a mill race that crossed in front of the Union advance)
  •  The Unfinished Section of the Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad.
  •  All of the above. 


11. Future Confederate Chief of Artillery E. P. Alexander said of his guns on Marye’s heights that “a ______ could not live on that field when we open on it.”

  •  Dog
  •  Yankee
  •  Cat
  •  Mouse
  •  Chicken 


12. For their assault on Marye’s Heights men from the Irish Brigade did which of the following as a display of their heritage

  •  Pinned four-leaf clovers to their overcoats
  •  Attached sprigs of Virginia boxwood to their caps
  •  Wore distinctive green trousers
  •  Carried the Irish national flag into battle
  •  All of the above 


13. Ironically, though the stone wall provided substantial protection for the Confederates defending Marye’s Heights, the officer responsible for placing troops in the Sunken Road was one of only a handful of high-ranking casualties on the Confederate left.  Who was he?

  •  Thomas R. R. Cobb
  •  William Barksdale
  •  Paul J. Semmes
  •  William Starke
  •  Maxcy Gregg 


14. After the dismal failure of Union attacks against Marye’s Heights, what was Burnside’s initial plan for the morning of December 14th?

  •  In the pre-dawn hours of December 14th, Union troops in front of Marye’s Heights were to march around the Confederate left flank and attack it at dawn. 
  •  Burnside would personally lead his old command, the Ninth Corps, in another desperate assault against Marye’s Heights.
  •  Burnside’s left wing would demonstrate against the Confederate positions on Prospect Hill while the battered troops in front of the heights retreated across the river.
  •   Knowing that the battle was lost, Burnside ordered a general retreat to begin at sunrise.


15. The Civil War Preservation Trust is an active participant in preservation activities in the Fredericksburg Area.  In 2006, CWPT acquired which part of the Fredericksburg Battlefield?

  •  “The Swale” in front of Marye’s Heights
  •  The Slaughter Pen Farm
  •  Stafford Heights
  •  Prospect Hill
  •  Chatham


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