• Cross Keys 1

  • Cross Keys 2

  • Cross Keys 3

  • Cross Keys 4

  • Cross Keys 5

Cross Keys

June 8, 1862

Rockingham County, Virginia

Moving up the Shenandoah Valley in pursuit of Jackson’s army, Maj. Gen. John C. Frémont’s army encountered Maj. Gen. Richard S. Ewell’s division at Cross Keys on June 8. Brig. Gen. Julius Stahel’s brigade, attacking on the Union left, was stunned by a surprise volley from Trimble’s command and driven back in confusion. After feeling out other parts of the Confederate line, Frémont withdrew to the Keezletown Road under protection of his batteries. The next day, Trimble’s and Patton’s brigades held Frémont at bay, while the rest of Ewell’s force crossed the river to assist in the defeat of Brig. Gen. E. Tyler's command at Port Republic.
Learn More About This Battle
Isaac Trimble

The Battle of Cross Keys

Historian Bob Krick describes the fighting and importance of the Battle of Cross Keys - one of the key battles of the 1862 Valley Campaign.

Shenandoah Valley

Defiance in the Valley

Read Jonathan A. Noyalas' article on Stonewall Jackson’s campaign of strategic diversion in the Shenandoah Valley

Featured Article

The Shenandoah Valley Campaign

The 1862 Shenandoah Campaign

Stonewall Marches Through the Shenandoah

Learn more about the 1862 campaign that made Stonewall Jackson a legend in both the North and South.

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Acres Saved

Learn more about the Trust's first preservation victory (video)


Photo gallery showing modern photographs and historic images of the Cross Keys Battlefield in the Shenandoah Valley.

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Historian Bob Krick recalls the ambush of the 8th New York at the Battle of Cross Keys in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia.

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Recommended Reading

Shenandoah 1862

"Shenandoah 1862: Stonewall Jackson's Valley Campaign "
by Peter Cozzens

Author Interview »

Conquering the Valley

"Conquering the Valley: Stonewall Jackson at Port Republic"
by Robert K. Krick

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