• Brandy Station Rail - Header

  • Brandy Station Fleetwood - Header

  • Brandy Station Troiani - Header

  • Brandy Station Sign - Header

  • Brandy Station Waud - Header

Brandy Station

Fleetwood Hill

June 9, 1863

Culpeper County, Virginia

At the outset of the Gettysburg Campaign, Robert E. Lee sought to keep his advance hidden from the Union army. With his forces stationed at Culpeper, Virginia on the verge of turning north into the Shenandoah Valley, Lee ordered his Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart to launch a diversionary cavalry raid on June 9, 1863. However, Union cavalry commander Maj. Gen. Alfred Pleasonton anticipated the raid and struck Stuart’s men in camp at Brandy Station on the day the Confederate incursion was set to begin. Despite the advantage of surprise, the ensuing battle ended in a narrow defeat for Pleasonton’s forces and Lee’s intentions remained unknown. Nevertheless, the Battle of Brandy Station, the largest predominantly mounted engagement to ever take place on the American continent, greatly improved the morale of the Union cavalry. J.E.B. Stuart was harshly criticized for his unpreparedness spurred by vanity, foreshadowing graver failures in the future.
Learn More About This Battle
BSCM State Park

Support Battlefield Park

Support the creation of a state park at the Brandy Station and Cedar Mountain battlefields, in Virginia's picturesque Piedmont region.

Mount Up Promo

Fighting for Fleetwood Hill

Historian Eric Wittenberg discusses the intense combat on Fleetwood Hill, the climactic action of the Battle of Brandy Station

Acres Saved

244 Acres at Risk

Donation Match: $6.50-to-$1

Our Goal: $190,000

Donate Today


Explore our collection of photos and images of Brandy Station, site of the largest cavalry battle in North America.

View the Gallery


Confederate horsemen prepare to take Fleetwood Hill

Watch the Video


Think you know everything about Civil War Cavalry? Put it to the test!

Take the Quiz

Recommended Reading

Battle of Brandy Station

"The Battle of Brandy Station"
by Eric Wittenberg

Author Interview »  |  Buy »

Brandy Station 1863

"Brandy Station 1863"
by Daniel Beattie

Buy »

Get the Entire Reading List
In Our Amazon Bookstore

Civil War Trust Bookstore »

Buy a Book - Support a Battlefield
Civil War Trust receives proceeds from each sale in our Amazon bookstore

Want the Latest? Follow us on Twitter and Facebook:

Find Another Battlefield


Our Sponsors

Powered by Blackbaud
nonprofit software